HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
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Alcohol drinking in adults

16-24 years, 2018
44.716-24 years, 2017
45.916-24 years, 2016
43.216-24 years, 2015
37.516-24 years, 2014
41.316-24 years, 2013
40.916-24 years, 2012
37.916-24 years, 2011
45.316-24 years, 2010
46.616-24 years, 2009
43.416-24 years, 2008
51.916-24 years, 2007
48.216-24 years, 2006
46.116-24 years, 2005
49.516-24 years, 2004
50.316-24 years, 2003
52.416-24 years, 2002
5225-34 years, 2018
40.725-34 years, 2017
39.725-34 years, 2016
36.625-34 years, 2015
31.325-34 years, 2014
34.525-34 years, 2013
30.525-34 years, 2012
35.525-34 years, 2011
36.325-34 years, 2010
33.225-34 years, 2009
3925-34 years, 2008
37.325-34 years, 2007
36.825-34 years, 2006
42.225-34 years, 2005
41.825-34 years, 2004
43.325-34 years, 2003
4225-34 years, 2002
41.335-44 years, 2018
37.235-44 years, 2017
31.935-44 years, 2016
32.135-44 years, 2015
25.835-44 years, 2014
27.335-44 years, 2013
29.335-44 years, 2012
30.535-44 years, 2011
31.135-44 years, 2010
3635-44 years, 2009
33.635-44 years, 2008
34.735-44 years, 2007
34.535-44 years, 2006
31.635-44 years, 2005
32.835-44 years, 2004
35.335-44 years, 2003
36.235-44 years, 2002
33.645-54 years, 2018
30.345-54 years, 2017
32.345-54 years, 2016
30.145-54 years, 2015
28.445-54 years, 2014
28.845-54 years, 2013
28.345-54 years, 2012
27.745-54 years, 2011
30.145-54 years, 2010
28.145-54 years, 2009
3045-54 years, 2008
32.345-54 years, 2007
30.445-54 years, 2006
29.745-54 years, 2005
28.945-54 years, 2004
30.345-54 years, 2003
30.645-54 years, 2002
2855-64 years, 2018
28.155-64 years, 2017
28.355-64 years, 2016
27.355-64 years, 2015
21.855-64 years, 2014
22.455-64 years, 2013
22.755-64 years, 2012
24.255-64 years, 2011
23.355-64 years, 2010
23.155-64 years, 2009
25.555-64 years, 2008
23.455-64 years, 2007
25.855-64 years, 2006
24.555-64 years, 2005
21.355-64 years, 2004
25.955-64 years, 2003
24.855-64 years, 2002
24.965-74 years, 2018
18.965-74 years, 2017
2065-74 years, 2016
19.465-74 years, 2015
16.665-74 years, 2014
15.865-74 years, 2013
15.665-74 years, 2012
14.965-74 years, 2011
15.865-74 years, 2010
16.465-74 years, 2009
17.565-74 years, 2008
1665-74 years, 2007
1565-74 years, 2006
17.165-74 years, 2005
15.265-74 years, 2004
14.865-74 years, 2003
16.265-74 years, 2002
17.575+ years, 2018
8.175+ years, 2017
7.675+ years, 2016
8.375+ years, 2015
7.975+ years, 2014
9.575+ years, 2013
5.375+ years, 2012
675+ years, 2011
7.475+ years, 2010
7.475+ years, 2009
9.975+ years, 2008
7.675+ years, 2007
7.975+ years, 2006
8.275+ years, 2005
9.575+ years, 2004
9.975+ years, 2003
10.575+ years, 2002
7.5All ages, 2018
31.5All ages, 2017
31.1All ages, 2016
29.8All ages, 2015
25.9All ages, 2014
27.4All ages, 2013
26.6All ages, 2012
27.6All ages, 2011
29.6All ages, 2010
29.8All ages, 2009
31.1All ages, 2008
32.1All ages, 2007
31.3All ages, 2006
31.4All ages, 2005
31.4All ages, 2004
33.3All ages, 2003
33.7All ages, 2002
32.5
  • + Source

    NSW Population Health Survey (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    To assist monitoring long-term risk of harm, as defined by Guideline 1 of the 2009 National Health And Medical Research Council Guidelines, this indicator provides information on the proportion of adults who consume more than 2 standard drinks on a day when they consume alcohol (see Methods tab for further information).

    The indicator shows self-reported data collected through Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI). Estimates were weighted to adjust for differences in the probability of selection among respondents and were benchmarked to the estimated residential population using the latest available Australian Bureau of Statistics mid-year population estimates. Adults are defined as persons aged 16 years and over in the NSW Population Health Survey.

    In order to address diminishing coverage of the population by landline telephone numbers (<85% since 2010), a mobile phone number sampling frame was introduced into the 2012 survey.

    The inclusion of mobile phone numbers substantially increased the Aboriginal sample and this change in design means that from 2012 NSWPHS estimates reflect both changes that have occurred in the population over time and changes due to the improved design of the survey. 

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate.

  • + Data Table
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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Alcohol

      Latest available information

      Latest available data for adults in NSW

      The 2019 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI) estimated that:

      • 32.8% of adults (41.2% of men and 22.8% of women) consumed more than 2 standard alcoholic drinks on a day when they consumed alcohol.

      • 48.7% of Aboriginal adults consumed more than 2 standard alcoholic drinks on a day when they consumed alcohol

      • 26.7% of adults (34.7% of men and 19.1% of women) consumed more than 4 drinks on a single occasion in the previous four weeks. 

      Latest available data for secondary school students in NSW

      • 13.7% of students aged 12-17 years (15.1% of boys and 12.3% of girls) consumed alcohol in the last 7 days as estimated from the 2017 NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey (self-completed questionnaire).

      Overall trends in NSW

      Self-reported data on consuming more than 2 standard alcoholic drinks on a day have been collected for adults in NSW since 1997 through the NSW Population Health Survey, and since 1985 through the National Drug Strategy Household Survey. Data from an interviewer-administered questionnaire has been collected in the ABS National Health Survey (2017-18).

      Self-reported data on alcohol drinking in the past 7 days have been collected for students in NSW since 1987 through the NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey.

      Prevalence estimates, although differing slightly between surveys because of different sampling frames, participation rates and modes of collection (telephone versus self-completed questionnaires versus face-to-face personal interview versus drop-and-collect) have remained constant over time for adults and fallen in school students.

      Alcohol problems in emergency departments

      In 2018-19 in NSW:

      • There were around 15,800 unplanned presentations to 84 NSW public hospital emergency departments for alcohol. 

      • The rate of ED presentations among persons aged 18-24 years (402.5 per 100,000 population) was around 1.6 times that of persons aged 15 years and over (254.5 per 100,000 population).

      • The rate of ED presentations among males aged over 15 years was around 1.8 times that of females aged over 15 years, however similar between males and females aged 15-17 years (326.9 and 321.5 per 100,000 respectively).

      • There were 10,129 presentations for alcohol-related problems among all males aged over 15 years and 1,532 in males aged 18-24 years (15% of total for males) compared with 5,673 for all females aged over 15 years and 1,423 for females aged 18-24 years (25% of total for females).

      Data are from 84 NSW public hospital emergency departments (EDs) that have reported continuously since 2009-10 and have collected reasonably complete diagnosis information since 2009-10. These EDs accounted for around 87% of all emergency department activity in NSW in 2018-19, consequently the presentations reported here are under-estimates of the actual NSW presentations. The under-estimation differs by geographical area, which precludes analysis by Local Health District, Primary Health Network, Local Government Area and remoteness from service centres. Data refer to all presentations to the included EDs regardless of patients' district or state of residence. 

      Hospitalisations attributable to alcohol

      A total of 45,005 hospitalisations were attributed to alcohol in NSW in 2018-19, which was approximately 1.5% of all hospitalisations.

      The rate of hospitalisations attributable to alcohol has been relatively stable in all persons in recent years. There is a consistent pattern over time of increasing rates with increasing rurality and geographic remoteness.  There is also a consistent pattern of higher rates in higher socioeconomic areas compared with more disadvantaged areas. The rate in the Aboriginal population was 1.8 times higher than the rate in the non-Aboriginal population in 2018-19.

      There was considerable variation in the rate of hospitalisations attributable to alcohol between Local Government Areas (LGAs), with 21 LGAs having a rate significantly higher than the state average and 38 significantly lower than the state average (at the 1% level of significance) in the period 2015/16-2016/17.

      Deaths attributable to alcohol

      A total of 1,929 deaths were attributed to alcohol in NSW in 2018, which was approximately 3.6% of all deaths in 2018.

      The death rate attributable to alcohol has shown a slight decrease in recent years. The rates in males and females were 26.6 and 13.2 deaths per 100,000 population respectively in 2018.

      References

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. National Drug Strategy Household Survey report. Available at: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/illicit-use-of-drugs/ndshs-2016-detailed/contents/table-of-contents

      Australian Bureau of Statistics, 4364.0.55.001 - National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/allprimarymainfeatures/F6CE5715FE4AC1B1CA257AA30014C725?opendocument

      ·         In 2017, 26% of adults (35% of men and 17% of women) consumed more than 4 drinks on a single occasion in the previous four weeks, increasing their immediate risk of harm, as estimated from the 2017 NSW Adult Population Health Survey.

    • Introduction: Alcohol

      Alcohol and health implications

      Excessive alcohol consumption is one of the main preventable public health problems in Australia, with alcohol being second only to tobacco as a preventable cause of drug-related death and hospitalisation. 

      Long-term adverse effects of high consumption of alcohol on health include contribution to cardiovascular disease, some cancers, nutrition-related conditions, risks to unborn babies, cirrhosis of the liver, mental health conditions, tolerance and dependence, long term cognitive impairment, and self-harm.

      The guidelines to reduce the health risks from drinking alcohol, published by the National Health and Medical Research Council in 2009, state that the lifetime risk of harm from alcohol-related disease or injury is reduced by drinking no more than two standard drinks on any day when drinking alcohol. These guidelines also state that drinking no more than four standard drinks on a single occasion reduces the immediate risk of alcohol-related injury arising from that occasion. In HealthStats NSW, the measure of lifetime risk of harm is defined as more than 2 standard drinks on a day when usually drinking, and is referred to as "long-term risk of harm" from alcohol consumption. As this definition is based on usual alcohol consumption, therefore representing an overall pattern of drinking, it reflects alcohol use related to health risk over the long-term.    

      Harm from alcohol-related accident or injury is experienced disproportionately by younger people; over half of all serious alcohol-related road injuries occur among 15–24-year-olds. However, harm from alcohol-related disease is more marked among older people.

      Useful websites:

      National Health and Medical Research Council. Australian guidelines to reduce health risks from drinking alcohol. Canberra: NHMRC, 2009. Available at: https://nhmrc.gov.au/about-us/publications/australian-guidelines-reduce-health-risks-drinking-alcohol

      NSW Ministry of Health. Reducing alcohol-related harm snapshot

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

    • Interventions: Alcohol

      Information on the programs available for the prevention and management of alcohol-related harm can be found in the Reducing alcohol-related harm snapshot and the Ministry of Health website.

    • For more information: Alcohol

      Useful websites include:

      NSW Health: Alcohol and other drugs website at http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/aod/Pages/default.aspx

      Your Room website at http://yourroom.com.au/

      Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service at http://www.gethealthynsw.com.au/  

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

Last Updated At: Wednesday, 27 May 2020