HealthStats NSW

Current smoking in adults

Males, 2014
18.9Males, 2013
20.4Males, 2012
20.2Males, 2011
17Males, 2010
19.3Males, 2009
20.5Males, 2008
21Males, 2007
23.2Males, 2006
20.4Males, 2005
24Males, 2004
24.7Males, 2003
25.7Males, 2002
25Females, 2014
12.3Females, 2013
12.5Females, 2012
14.1Females, 2011
12.5Females, 2010
14.6Females, 2009
15.5Females, 2008
17.8Females, 2007
16.3Females, 2006
16.6Females, 2005
18.4Females, 2004
20.6Females, 2003
20.9Females, 2002
20.2Persons, 2014
15.6Persons, 2013
16.4Persons, 2012
17.1Persons, 2011
14.7Persons, 2010
16.9Persons, 2009
18Persons, 2008
19.4Persons, 2007
19.7Persons, 2006
18.5Persons, 2005
21.1Persons, 2004
22.6Persons, 2003
23.3Persons, 2002
22.5
  • + Source

    NSW Population Health Survey (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Adults are defined as persons aged 16 years and over in NSW Population Health Survey.

    The indicator shows self-reported data collected through Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI). Estimates were weighted to adjust for differences in the probability of selection among respondents and were benchmarked to the estimated residential population using the latest available Australian Bureau of Statistics mid-year population estimates.

    Mobile phone numbers have been included since the 2012 survey (using an overlapping dual-frame design) because of diminishing coverage of the population by landline sampling frames (<85 % since 2010). Associations between mobile-only phone users and some health indicators, even after adjusting for age, sex and region, were observed in 2012. Thus significant differences that were observed between 2011 and 2012 should be reported with caution, as they will reflect both real and design changes.

  • + Commentary

    Australia has one of the most comprehensive tobacco control policies and programs in the world. The aim of the tobacco control programs in NSW is to contribute to a continuing reduction of smoking prevalence rates in the community.

    In 2015, the NSW Adult Population Health Survey estimated that 13.5% of adults aged 16 years and over (15.5% of men and 11.6% of women) were current (daily or occasional) smokers in NSW. The NSW Adult Population Health Survey is a self reported survey using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI).

    Over the period 2002 to 2011, the rate of current smoking significantly declined from 22.5% to 14.7%. In 2012, the rate of current smoking was 17.1%. The 2012 prevalence estimate reflects an improvement in the representativeness of the survey sample. In 2012 mobile phones were included in the survey methods for the first time and this increased the number of younger people and males in the survey sample. Both of these groups have relatively higher smoking rates, leading to a higher overall reported rate of current smoking. Since 2012, the rate of smoking has declined. The rate in 2015 (13.5%)  was substantially lower than in 2014 (15.6%).

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  • + Methods
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  • + Related Indicators
     

    Smoking attributable hospitalisations

    Number and rate by sex, Aboriginality, Local Health District, Local Government Area, remoteness from service centres and year.
     
     

    Current smoking in secondary school students

    Number and proportion, by sex, age, Local Health District group and year.
     
     

    Smoking in pregnancy

    Number and proportion by smoking status, age, Aboriginality of mother, maternal country of birth group, Local Health District, remoteness from service centres, socioeconomic status and year.
     
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Smoking

      Latest available information

      Data from the NSW Population Health Survey is used to measure the NSW State Government targets on reducing smoking in the population and is comparable with other sources of information on smoking in NSW.

      • 13.5% of adults aged 16 years and over (15.5% of men and 11.6% of women) were current (daily or occasional) smokers, as estimated from the 2015 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI).

      •  15.4% of persons aged 15 years and over (18.8% of males and 12.1% of females) in NSW were current smokers (defined as daily, at least once a week or less than weekly), as estimated from the 2014-15 Australian Health Survey (interviewer-administered questionnaire).

      • 9.3% of mothers smoked during pregnancy in 2014, as reported to the NSW Perinatal Data Collection.

      Latest available data for secondary school students in NSW

      • 6.7% of students aged 12-17 years (7.1% of boys and 6.3% of girls) were current smokers, as estimated from the 2014 NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey (self-completed questionnaire).

      Latest available data for adult Aboriginal persons in NSW

      • 34.9% of Aboriginal adults aged 16 years and over were current smokers as estimated from the 2015 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using CATI).

      • 45.2% of Aboriginal mothers smoked during pregnancy in 2014, as reported to the NSW Perinatal Data Collection.

      Overall trends in NSW

      Self-reported data on current smoking have been collected for adults in NSW since 1997 through the NSW Population Health Survey, since 1977-78 through the National Health Survey (from 1995), since 1985 through the National Drug Strategy Household Survey, and since 2011 through the Australian Health Survey.

      Self-reported data on current smoking have been collected for students in NSW since 1984 through the NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey.

      Prevalence estimates, although differing slightly between surveys because of different sampling frames, participation rates and modes of collection (telephone, self-completed questionnaires, face-to-face personal interview and drop-and-collect) have all been decreasing over time.

      Hospitalisations attributable to smoking

      A total of 47,196 hospitalisations were attributed to smoking in NSW in 2014-15, which was approximately 1.5% of all hospitalisations.

      The rate of hospitalisations attributable to smoking decreased in males by almost 23% but remained stable in females in NSW between 2001-02 and 2014-15.

      The rate of hospitalisations attributable to smoking increased in both Aboriginal males and Aboriginal females in the period between 2001-02 and 2011-12. In recent years, the rates have remained stable.

      Deaths attributable to smoking

      A total of 5,460 deaths were attributed to smoking in NSW in 2013, which was approximately 11% of all deaths in 2013.

      The rate of death attributable to smoking has been declining in the decade up to 2013; the decline was much greater in males (about 32%) than in females (about 17%) but it occurred from a much higher base in males. In 2013, the rate of death attributable to smoking in males and females was 85.3 and 40.7 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively .

      References

      Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health. NSW Population Health Surveys. Available at: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/surveys/pages/default.aspx

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. National Drug Strategy Household Survey report. Available at: http://www.aihw.gov.au/alcohol-and-other-drugs/ndshs/

      Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/australianhealthsurvey

    • Introduction: Smoking

      Smoking and health implications

      Tobacco smoking is one of the biggest causes of premature death and is a leading preventable cause of chronic disease in New South Wales. It is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a range of cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease and a variety of other diseases and conditions. Approximately one in five of all cancer deaths are due to tobacco smoking.

      There is a no safe level of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. In adults, breathing second-hand smoke can increase the risk of heart disease, lung cancer and other lung diseases. It can worsen the effects of existing illnesses such as asthma and bronchitis. For children, inhaling second-hand smoke is even more dangerous. Children are more likely to suffer health problems due to second-hand smoke such as bronchitis, pneumonia and asthma.

      Interventions 

      Australia has one of the most comprehensive tobacco control policies and programs in the world. The aim of the tobacco control programs in NSW is to contribute to a continuing reduction of smoking prevalence rates in the community.

      Information on NSW Health tobacco and smoking control programs and policies is available at: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/tobacco.

      Useful websites:

      Cancer Institute at: https://www.cancerinstitute.org.au/

      I Can Quit at http://www.icanquit.com.au

      Quitline at http://www.quit.org.au/preparing-to-quit/choosing-best-way-to-quit/quitline

    • Interventions in NSW: Smoking

      Information on NSW Health programs and policies is available at http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/tobacco.

    • For more information: Smoking

      Useful websites include:

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      I Can Quit at http://www.icanquit.com.au

      Quitline at http://www.quit.org.au/preparing-to-quit/choosing-best-way-to-quit/quitline

Last Updated At: Monday, 16 May 2016