HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Smoking attributable deaths

Females, All LHDs
50 (48.1, 52)Females, Far West
56.7 (30.3, 96)Females, Western NSW
73.3 (61.9, 86.1)Females, Murrumbidgee
49.6 (40.1, 60.6)Females, Southern NSW
52 (41.5, 64.3)Females, Mid North Coast
54.3 (44.6, 65.4)Females, Northern NSW
52.2 (43.7, 61.7)Females, Hunter New England
57 (51.6, 62.9)Females, Central Coast
70.7 (61.2, 81.2)Females, Northern Sydney
32.1 (28, 36.7)Females, Nepean Blue Mountains
55.3 (45.9, 66.1)Females, Western Sydney
46 (40.1, 52.6)Females, Illawarra Shoalhaven
63.4 (55, 72.6)Females, South Eastern Sydney
40.7 (35.8, 46.2)Females, South Western Sydney
48.4 (42.7, 54.6)Females, Sydney
37.9 (31.8, 44.9)Males, All LHDs
86.7 (83.9, 89.5)Males, Far West
116.6 (74.5, 173.3)Males, Western NSW
115.9 (100.7, 132.8)Males, Murrumbidgee
91.2 (77.3, 106.8)Males, Southern NSW
97.5 (81.9, 115.1)Males, Mid North Coast
92.4 (78.6, 107.9)Males, Northern NSW
94.7 (82.2, 108.4)Males, Hunter New England
101.6 (93.6, 110)Males, Central Coast
95.9 (83.7, 109.3)Males, Northern Sydney
52.3 (46.3, 58.8)Males, Nepean Blue Mountains
94.7 (80.8, 110.3)Males, Western Sydney
79.3 (70.7, 88.6)Males, Illawarra Shoalhaven
95.6 (84.4, 107.7)Males, South Eastern Sydney
71 (63.7, 78.9)Males, South Western Sydney
93.9 (85.2, 103.2)Males, Sydney
79.3 (69.5, 90)
  • + Source

    Mortality estimates for years up to 2005 are based on Australian Bureau of Statistics death registration data. Data from 2006 onwards were provided by the Australian Coordinating Registry, Cause of Death Unit Record File; the data for the most 2 recent years are preliminary (SAPHaRI, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health)

  • + Notes

    Calculated using age and sex-specific aetiological fractions from the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011: methods and supplementary information.

    Only NSW residents are included. Deaths were classified using ICD-10. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Counts of deaths for the latest years of data include an estimate of the number of deaths occurring in that year but registered in the next year. Data on late registrations were unavailable at the time of production.

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate. Data for some LHDs may not be included individually due to low numbers. All LHDs include Albury Local Government Area and those LHDs where numbers are low and records where the LHD was missing or not stated.

  • + Data Table
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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes for Population Attributable Conditions: Tobacco smoking

      Mortality: Tobacco smoking attributable conditions

      Condition ICD10 (AM) codes
      Malignant Neoplasms
      Mouth and pharyngeal cancer C00-C14
      Oesophageal cancer C15
      Stomach cancer C16
      Bowel cancer C18-C20
      Liver cancer C22
      Pancreatic cancer C25
      Lung cancer C33-C34
      Cervical cancer C53
      Bladder cancer C67
      Kidney cancer C64
      Leukaemia C91-C95
      Diabetes mellitus
      Diabetes E10-E14 , O24
      Respiratory diseases
      Asthma J45-J46
      COPD J40-J44
      Interstitial lung disease J84
      Other respiratory disease J47, J66-J68, J70-J82, J90-J95, J88-J99, M05.19
      Cardiovascular disease
      Coronary heart disease I20-I25
      Stroke I60-I69
      Hypertensive heart disease I11
      Atrial fibrillation and flutter I48
      Aortic aneurysm I71
      Peripheral vascular disease I70, I72-I74
      Other cardiovascular diseases G45, I00, I10, I13-I15, I26-I28, I44-I47, I49-I52, I70.9, I77-I84, I86-I89, I95-I99
      Respiratory/Ear infections
      Tuberculosis A15-A19, B90, N33.0, N74, O98.0, P37.0
      Otitis media H65-H68, H70
      Lower Respiratory Tract Infections J12,J14-J22, J85-J86
      Influenza J09-J11

      Note: ICD codes have been summarised. Numbers are calculated using age and sex-specific population attributable fractions from the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011: methods and supplementary information. For information on how these were applied in HealthStats NSW please see the Methods paper on Population Attributable Fractions.

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Smoking

      Latest available information

      Data from the NSW Population Health Survey is used to measure the NSW State Government targets on reducing smoking in the population and is comparable with other sources of information on smoking in NSW.

      • 10.3% of adults aged 16 years and over (12.7% of men and 8.0% of women) smoked daily in NSW in 2018 and 14.8% (18.2% of men and 11.4% of women) were current (daily or occasional) smokers. Estimates were produced from the NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI).

      • 14.8% of persons aged 15 years and over (18.3% of males and 11.5% of females) in NSW were current smokers (defined as daily, at least once a week or less than weekly), as estimated from the 2017-18 National Health Survey (interviewer-administered questionnaire).

      • 8.8% of mothers smoked during pregnancy in 2017, as reported to the NSW Perinatal Data Collection.

      Latest available data for secondary school students in NSW

      • 6.4% of students aged 12-17 years (7.0% of boys and 5.7% of girls) were current smokers, as estimated from the 2017 NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey (self-completed questionnaire).

      Latest available data for adult Aboriginal persons in NSW

      • 22.7% of Aboriginal adults aged 16 years and over smoked daily in NSW in 2017-2018 and 28.2% were current (daily or occasional) smokers. Estimates were produced from the NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using CATI).

      • 42.4% of Aboriginal mothers smoked during pregnancy in 2017, as reported to the NSW Perinatal Data Collection.

      Overall trends in NSW

      Self-reported data on current smoking have been collected for adults in NSW since 1997 through the NSW Population Health Survey, since 1977-78 through the National Health Survey (from 1995), since 1985 through the National Drug Strategy Household Survey, and since 2011 through the Australian Health Survey.

      Self-reported data on current smoking have been collected for students in NSW since 1984 through the NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey.

      Prevalence estimates, although differing slightly between surveys because of different sampling frames, participation rates and modes of collection (telephone, self-completed questionnaires, face-to-face personal interview and drop-and-collect) have all been decreasing over time.

      Hospitalisations attributable to smoking

      A total of 60,249 hospitalisations were attributed to smoking in NSW in 2017-18, which was approximately 2.0% of all hospitalisations.

      The rate of hospitalisations attributable to smoking decreased in males by nearly 23%, compared to a 10% decrease among females in NSW between 2001-02 and 2017-18. Rates have stabilised in recent years.

      The rate of hospitalisations attributable to smoking increased in both Aboriginal males and Aboriginal females in the period between 2001-02 and 2011-12. In recent years, the rates have remained stable.

      Deaths attributable to smoking

      A total of 6,631 deaths were attributed to smoking in NSW in 2017, which was 12.6% of all deaths in 2017. In 2017, the rate of deaths attributable to smoking in males and females was 86.7 and 50.0 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively.


      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. National Drug Strategy Household Survey report. Available at:

      Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey. Available at:

    • Introduction: Smoking

      Smoking and health implications

      Tobacco smoking is one of the biggest causes of premature death and is a leading preventable cause of chronic disease in New South Wales. It is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a range of cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease and a variety of other diseases and conditions. Approximately one in five of all cancer deaths are due to tobacco smoking.

      There is a no safe level of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. In adults, breathing second-hand smoke can increase the risk of heart disease, lung cancer and other lung diseases. It can worsen the effects of existing illnesses such as asthma and bronchitis. For children, inhaling second-hand smoke is even more dangerous. Children are more likely to suffer health problems due to second-hand smoke such as bronchitis, pneumonia and asthma.


      Australia has one of the most comprehensive tobacco control policies and programs in the world. The aim of the tobacco control programs in NSW is to contribute to a continuing reduction of smoking prevalence rates in the community.

      Information on NSW Health tobacco and smoking control programs and policies is available at:

      Useful websites:

      Cancer Institute at:

      I Can Quit at

      Quitline at

    • Interventions in NSW: Smoking

      Information on NSW Health programs and policies is available at

    • For more information: Smoking

      Useful websites include:

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      I Can Quit at

      Quitline at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 29 October 2019