HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Fruit and vegetables: recommended daily consumption by adults

16-24 years, 2017
48.216-24 years, 2016
46.616-24 years, 2015
5416-24 years, 2014
5816-24 years, 2013
52.616-24 years, 2012
50.816-24 years, 2011
51.316-24 years, 2010
55.316-24 years, 2009
53.916-24 years, 2008
53.716-24 years, 2007
50.416-24 years, 2006
5016-24 years, 2005
49.416-24 years, 2004
41.216-24 years, 2003
43.916-24 years, 2002
42.125-34 years, 2017
42.625-34 years, 2016
44.525-34 years, 2015
44.625-34 years, 2014
47.925-34 years, 2013
48.325-34 years, 2012
5225-34 years, 2011
47.725-34 years, 2010
5325-34 years, 2009
5325-34 years, 2008
53.825-34 years, 2007
49.625-34 years, 2006
46.325-34 years, 2005
42.325-34 years, 2004
40.725-34 years, 2003
38.325-34 years, 2002
36.435-44 years, 2017
4535-44 years, 2016
42.635-44 years, 2015
47.535-44 years, 2014
5335-44 years, 2013
49.135-44 years, 2012
50.735-44 years, 2011
4935-44 years, 2010
53.435-44 years, 2009
51.435-44 years, 2008
48.635-44 years, 2007
4735-44 years, 2006
50.835-44 years, 2005
4635-44 years, 2004
45.635-44 years, 2003
42.635-44 years, 2002
42.845-54 years, 2017
43.745-54 years, 2016
45.745-54 years, 2015
42.945-54 years, 2014
5245-54 years, 2013
49.945-54 years, 2012
47.645-54 years, 2011
4845-54 years, 2010
51.645-54 years, 2009
57.145-54 years, 2008
5445-54 years, 2007
54.645-54 years, 2006
54.145-54 years, 2005
52.345-54 years, 2004
45.445-54 years, 2003
47.845-54 years, 2002
48.355-64 years, 2017
47.455-64 years, 2016
48.555-64 years, 2015
46.755-64 years, 2014
53.655-64 years, 2013
52.255-64 years, 2012
58.455-64 years, 2011
51.355-64 years, 2010
57.955-64 years, 2009
61.155-64 years, 2008
59.355-64 years, 2007
60.155-64 years, 2006
58.155-64 years, 2005
57.155-64 years, 2004
5155-64 years, 2003
54.655-64 years, 2002
53.865-74 years, 2017
49.465-74 years, 2016
54.465-74 years, 2015
53.965-74 years, 2014
59.165-74 years, 2013
56.965-74 years, 2012
62.165-74 years, 2011
53.665-74 years, 2010
63.465-74 years, 2009
63.165-74 years, 2008
64.765-74 years, 2007
62.765-74 years, 2006
61.665-74 years, 2005
59.565-74 years, 2004
54.565-74 years, 2003
58.165-74 years, 2002
5875+ years, 2017
53.675+ years, 2016
55.975+ years, 2015
56.675+ years, 2014
58.675+ years, 2013
60.375+ years, 2012
59.975+ years, 2011
57.675+ years, 2010
64.275+ years, 2009
63.675+ years, 2008
66.875+ years, 2007
6375+ years, 2006
6175+ years, 2005
66.375+ years, 2004
59.575+ years, 2003
57.875+ years, 2002
57All ages, 2017
46.4All ages, 2016
47.3All ages, 2015
48.4All ages, 2014
53.9All ages, 2013
51.8All ages, 2012
53.4All ages, 2011
50.4All ages, 2010
55.7All ages, 2009
56.4All ages, 2008
55.6All ages, 2007
53.8All ages, 2006
53.2All ages, 2005
51.2All ages, 2004
46.5All ages, 2003
46.9All ages, 2002
46.2
  • + Source

    NSW Population Health Survey (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Dietary indicators have been changed for the entire time series to comply with the latest Australian Dietary Guidelines (see Methods for more detail). 

    For fruit, the indicator includes those who consumed 2 or more serves a day (both males and females aged 9 years and over). For children, the recommended intake of fruit is at least 1 serve each day for children aged 2-3 years and 1.5 serves each day for children aged 5-8 years.

    For vegetables, the indicator includes those males aged 16-18 years who consumed at least 5.5 serves of vegetables a day; males aged 19-50 years who consumed at least 6 or more serves a day; males aged 51-70 who consumed at least 5.5 serves per day; and males aged over 70 and all females aged 16 years and over who consumed at least 5 serves per day.

    The indicator shows self-reported data collected through Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI). Estimates were weighted to adjust for differences in the probability of selection among respondents and were benchmarked to the estimated residential population using the latest available Australian Bureau of Statistics mid-year population estimates. Adults are defined as persons aged 16 years and over in the NSW Population Health Survey.

    In order to address diminishing coverage of the population by landline telephone numbers (<85% since 2010), a mobile phone number sampling frame was introduced into the 2012 survey. LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate.

  • + Data Table
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  • + Methods
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  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Fruit and vegetable consumption

      Latest available information

      Latest available data for adults in NSW

      • 40.9% of adults aged 16 years and over (38.0% of men and 43.7% of women) consumed 2 or more serves of fruit daily and 5.9% of adults aged 16 years and over (2.9% of men and 8.8% of women) consumed at least the minimum recommended number of serves of vegetables daily, as estimated from the 2018 NSW Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI). The recommended number of serves of vegetables is 5 or more each day for females aged 16 years and over and males aged over 70 years, 6 serves or more daily for males aged 19 to 50 years and 5.5 serves or more daily for all other adult males.   

      • 51.4% of adults aged 18 years and over (46.6% of men and 55.8% of women) consumed 2 or more serves of fruit, and 7.5% of adults aged 18 years and over (4.1% of men and 10.9% of women) consumed the recommended intake of vegetables, as estimated from the 2017-18 National Health Survey (self-reported using Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing or CAPI).

      Latest available data for secondary school students in NSW

      • 76.5% of students aged 12-17 years (73.5% of boys and 79.6% of girls) consumed the recommended daily fruit intake and 9.1% of students aged 12-17 years (9.1% of boys and 9.1% of girls) consumed the recommended daily vegetable intake, as estimated from the 2017 NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey (self-completed questionnaire).

      Latest available data for children in NSW

      • 61.8% of children aged 2-15 years (58.9% of boys and 62.9% of girls) consumed the recommended daily fruit intake, and 5.4% of children aged 2-15 years (4.3% of boys and 5.5% of girls) consumed the recommended daily intake of vegetables, as estimated from the 2017-2018 NSW Population Health Survey (parent-reported using CATI).

      Latest available data for adult Aboriginal persons in NSW

      • 24.9% of Aboriginal adults aged 16 years and over consumed 2 or more serves of fruit daily and 3.8% of Aboriginal adults aged 16 years and over consumed the recommended number of serves of vegetables daily, as estimated from the 2018 NSW Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI).

      Overall trends in NSW

      Self-reported data on fruit and vegetable consumption have been collected for adults in NSW since 1997 through the NSW Population Health Survey, since 1977-78 through the National Health Survey and from 2011 through the Australian Health Survey.

      Self-reported data on fruit and vegetable consumption have been collected for students in NSW since 2005 through the NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey.

      Parent-reported data on fruit and vegetable consumption have been collected for children in NSW since 2007 through the NSW Population Health Survey. Although serves of fruit and vegetable are collected on children through the Australian Health Survey, whether they are meeting the recommended daily intake is not routinely reported.

      Prevalence estimates, although differing slightly between surveys because of different sampling frames, participation rates and modes of collection (telephone versus self-completed questionnaires versus face-to-face personal interview) have all been increasing over time for recommended fruit intake and recommended vegetables intake in children. In secondary school students and adults, recommended vegetable intake has remained the same.

      References

      Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health. NSW Adult Population Health Survey. Available at: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/surveys/adult/Pages/default.aspx

      Australian Bureau of Statistics. National Health Survey: First Results (4364.0); NSW Tables, 2017-18. Available at: https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4364.0.55.0012017-18?OpenDocument

      Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health. NSW School Students Health Behaviours Survey. Available at: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/epidemiology/Pages/nsw-school-students-health-behaviours-survey.aspx

      Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health. NSW Child Population Health Survey. Available at: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/surveys/child/Pages/default.aspx

    • Introduction: Fruit and vegetable consumption

      Fruit and vegetable consumption as a health risk factor

      Fruit and vegetable consumption is strongly linked to the prevention of chronic disease and to better health. Vegetables and fruit are sources of antioxidants, fibre, folate, and complex carbohydrates. The fibre and low-energy content of fruit and vegetables may benefit weight control. 

      Healthy eating is important at any age, but establishing healthy eating habits in childhood and adolescence is an important basis for long term health. Although an adequate intake of fruit and vegetables has a protective influence on health, most population groups eat less than the recommended amounts of these foods.

      Definition of adequate consumption of fruit and vegetables

      As nutritional needs differ at different stages of life, the National Health and Medical Research Council has developed dietary guidelines for babies, children, adolescents and adults in Australia. A guide for healthy eating supports these guidelines.

      For adults, the dietary guidelines recommend consuming at least 2 serves of fruit per day, and at least 5.5 serves of vegetables a day for males aged 16-18 years; at least 6 serves a day for males aged 19-50 years; at least 5.5 serves per day for males aged 51-70 years; and at least 5 serves per day for males aged over 70, and all females aged 16 years and over.

      For children aged 2-3 years, the dietary guidelines recommend daily consumption of at least 1 serving of fruit and 2.5 servings of vegetables; children 4-8 years should eat 1.5 servings of fruit and 4.5 servings of vegetables; children 9-11 years, and adolescent girls (12-18 years) should consume 2 servings of fruit and 5 servings of vegetables; adolescent boys should consume 2 servings of fruit and 5.5 servings of vegetables.

      The helpings or serves are defined as follows: 1 serve of vegetables is equivalent to 1/2 cup of cooked vegetables or 1 cup of salad vegetables, and 1 serve of fruit is equivalent to serve is equivalent to 1 medium piece or 2 small pieces of fruit.

      Burden of disease in Australia due to low consumption of fruit and vegetables

      Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption were estimated to be responsible for 1.4% and 1.2% of the total burden of disease respectively in Australia in 2015. Low fruit and vegetable intake is associated with coronary heart disease, some cancers, and stroke.

    • Interventions: Preventive health

      The NSW Healthy Eating and Active Living Strategy 2013-2018 provides a whole of government framework to promote and support healthy eating and active living in NSW and to reduce the impact of lifestyle-related chronic disease.

      The Strategy has four key strategic directions:

      • • environments to support healthy eating and active living
      • • statewide healthy eating and active living support programs
      • • healthy eating and active living advice as part of routine service delivery
      • • education and information to enable informed, healthy choices.
    • For more information: Health-related behaviours

      Useful websites

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 23 July 2019