HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Burden of Disease

  • DALY by disease group
    Year Age (years)
  • DALY by age group
  • YLL and YLD by disease group
  • YLL by age group
  • YLD by age group
  • HALE by age group
  • Reduction in healthy life expectancy
Females, Skin disorders
13502Females, Respiratory diseases
59295Females, Reproductive and <br/>maternal conditions
8682Females, Oral disorders
17161Females, Neurological conditions
65971Females, Musculoskeletal disorders
113593Females, Mental and substance use <br/>disorders
85395Females, Kidney and urinary diseases
9426Females, Injury (external cause)
37881Females, Infectious diseases
14812Females, Infant and congenital <br/>conditions
14485Females, Hearing and vision disorders
15087Females, Gastrointestinal disorders
23665Females, Endocrine disorders
17938Females, Cardiovascular diseases
87442Females, Cancer and other neoplasms
127136Females, Blood and metabolic <br/>disorders
11413Males, Skin disorders
12704Males, Respiratory diseases
58017Males, Reproductive and <br/>maternal conditions
117Males, Oral disorders
17532Males, Neurological conditions
50282Males, Musculoskeletal disorders
89316Males, Mental and substance use <br/>disorders
90804Males, Kidney and urinary diseases
11532Males, Injury (external cause)
78967Males, Infectious diseases
14722Males, Infant and congenital <br/>conditions
18332Males, Hearing and vision disorders
15708Males, Gastrointestinal disorders
29646Males, Endocrine disorders
23354Males, Cardiovascular diseases
129489Males, Cancer and other neoplasms
162394Males, Blood and metabolic <br/>disorders
  • + Source

    Based on Australian Burden of Disease Study 2015, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Prepared by the Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Years of life lost (YLL):  measures in years the burden from dying 'prematurely', that is dying before the 'ideal' lifespan. The 'ideal' remaining life expectancy varies by age group and gender.  YLL represents the fatal component of the total burden of disease in a population.

    Years lived with disability (YLD): measures in years the burden from living with ill-health thorugh disease, injury or disability, that could have been in good health. It represents the duration of time spent living with illness, weighted for the severity of the illness. YLD represents the non-fatal burden of disease in a population.

    Disability-adjusted life years (DALY): measures in years  healthy life lost, either through premature death (YLL) or living with ill health due to illness or injury (YLD). One DALY therefore represents one lost year of healthy life.  Total burden (DALY) is the sum of fatal burden (YLL) and non-fatal burden (YLD).

    Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE): the average life expectancy spent in full health. For each disease group, HALE is interpreted as the average life expectancy free of that disease type. Note that some diseases with higher case fatality rates (i.e. a higher death rate closely following initial diagnosis) may have a higher HALE than other chronic diseases where a longer time is spent living in ill health prior to death. It is important to consider the burden due to years of life lost (YLL) for these fatal diseases, since HALE only captures the burden of living with disease.

    Please see Australian Burden of Disease Study 2015: methods and supplementary information for more details

  • + Commentary

    Burden of disease analysis measures the combined impact in the entire population of living with illness and injury (non-fatal burden) and dying prematurely (fatal burden). More than merely counting deaths and disease prevalence, it takes into account age at death and severity of disease. The summary measure 'disability-adjusted life years' (or DALY) is used to count the total years of healthy life lost from death and illness in the whole population.

    Information on the health impacts and distribution of different diseases and injuries is important for monitoring population health and in providing an evidence base to inform health-policy and service planning. Burden of disease information can also be used to measure the health impact of interventions, and to highlight which diseases to focus on when investigating the cost-effectiveness of programs and interventions.

    The Australian Burden of Disease Study 2015 is based on methods developed for the “Global Burden of Disease” studies but has evolved to produce estimates that more accurately reflect the Australian context. The indicators presented here relate to the NSW population for 2011 and 2015 respectively.

    Key findings for New South Wales in 2015 included:

    -People living in New South Wales lost 1.53 million years of healthy life due to living with or dying early from disease and ill health, which was a 6% increase from 2011.

    -The burden due to premature death (50.1% of total burden) was very similar to that of burden from living with illness (49.9%).

    -Males experienced more health loss (53% of total burden) than females (47% of total burden). 

    -The top 5 conditions causing the most burden were cancer and other neoplasms, cardiovascular disease, mental and substance use disorders, musculoskeletal conditions and respiratory disease.

    -Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) for males and females born in 2015 was 71.6 and 74.5 years, respectively. On average, it is expected approximately 89% of their life will be lived in full health.

    Please see Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015 for further details. 

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Last Updated At: Tuesday, 11 August 2020