HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Burden of Disease

  • DALY by disease group
    Age group (years)
  • YLL and YLD by disease group
  • Burden by age group
  • HALE by age group
  • HALE, trends
  • Reduction in healthy life expectancy
Females, Skin
13368Females, Respiratory
60870Females, Reproductive/maternal
10291Females, Oral health
16193Females, Neurological
60883Females, Musculoskeletal
92919Females, Mental health
81426Females, Kidney/urinary
9286Females, Injury
32658Females, Infections
10812Females, Infant/congenital
17267Females, Hearing/vision
16233Females, Gastrointestinal
20627Females, Endocrine
14243Females, Cardiovascular
94057Females, Cancer
123548Females, Blood/metabolic
9247Males, Skin
12053Males, Respiratory
58510Males, Reproductive/maternal
1414Males, Oral health
16710Males, Neurological
43945Males, Musculoskeletal
72987Males, Mental health
87824Males, Kidney/urinary
10358Males, Injury
79716Males, Infections
13065Males, Infant/congenital
22750Males, Hearing/vision
17073Males, Gastrointestinal
26879Males, Endocrine
18688Males, Cardiovascular
133136Males, Cancer
158451Males, Blood/metabolic
6537
  • + Source

    Based on Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Prepared by the Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Years of life lost (YLL): A measure of the years of life lost due to premature death, defined as dying before the average life expectancy for the population as a whole. YLL represent the fatal component of the total burden of disease in a population.

    Years lived with disability (YLD): A measure of the years of what could have been a healthy life but were instead spent in states of less than full health. YLD represent the non-fatal burden of disease in a population.

    Disability-adjusted life years (DALY): A measure (in years) of healthy life lost, either through premature death (defined as dying before the average life expectancy for the population) (YLL) or, equivalently, through living with ill health due to illness or injury (YLD). DALY represent the total disease burden in a population and is the sum of YLL+YLD.

    Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE): Average life expectancy at full health, or equivalently, average life expectancy free of disability. For each disease group, HALE is interpreted as the average life expectancy free of that disease type.

    Please see Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011, supplementary data tables 5a.

  • + Commentary

    Burden of disease analysis measures the combined impact in the entire population of living with illness and injury (non-fatal burden) and dying prematurely (fatal burden). More than merely counting deaths and disease prevalence, it takes into account age at death and severity of disease. The summary measure 'disability-adjusted life years' (or DALY) is used to count the total years of healthy life lost from death and illness in the whole population.

    Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) is life expectancy adjusted for disease and disability. This is the average number of years that a person can expect to live in “full health” by taking into account years lived in less than full health due to disease and/or injury. For each disease group, HALE is interpreted as the average life expectancy free of that disease type. Note that some diseases with higher case fatality rates (ie a higher death rate following initial diagnosis) may have a lower HALE than chronic diseases (with lower death rates following initial diagnosis).

    Information on the health impacts and distribution of different diseases and injuries is important for monitoring population health and in providing an evidence base to inform health-policy and service planning. Burden of disease information can also be used to measure the health impact of interventions, and to highlight which diseases to focus on when investigating the cost-effectiveness of programs and interventions.

    The Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011 uses and adapts the methods of global studies to produce estimates that are more relevant to the Australian health policy context. The indicators presented here relate to the NSW population for 2011.

    Please see Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011.

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Last Updated At: Tuesday, 28 February 2017