HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Deaths by category of cause

Females, Injury & poisoning
21.5 (20.2, 22.9)Females, Ill-defined and unknown
5.7 (5.1, 6.4)Females, Maternal, neon. & congenital
4 (3.4, 4.7)Females, Genitourinary diseases
8.7 (8, 9.5)Females, Musculoskeletal diseases
4.7 (4.2, 5.3)Females, Skin diseases
1.6 (1.3, 1.9)Females, Digestive system diseases
16.3 (15.2, 17.4)Females, Respiratory diseases
38.3 (36.7, 39.9)Females, Circulatory diseases
106.6 (104, 109.2)Females, Nervous & sense disorders
24.8 (23.6, 26.2)Females, Mental disorders
31.1 (29.8, 32.5)Females, Endocrine diseases
17.5 (16.4, 18.6)Females, Blood & immune diseases
1.5 (1.2, 1.8)Females, Other neoplasms
3.1 (2.6, 3.6)Females, Malignant neoplasms
125.1 (122, 128.2)Females, Infectious diseases
6.6 (6, 7.3)Males, Injury & poisoning
50.6 (48.5, 52.9)Males, Ill-defined and unknown
7 (6.2, 7.8)Males, Maternal, neon. & congenital
4.8 (4.1, 5.5)Males, Genitourinary diseases
11.3 (10.3, 12.3)Males, Musculoskeletal diseases
3.8 (3.2, 4.4)Males, Skin diseases
2.2 (1.8, 2.7)Males, Digestive system diseases
22.5 (21.1, 23.9)Males, Respiratory diseases
55 (52.8, 57.2)Males, Circulatory diseases
158.2 (154.5, 161.9)Males, Nervous & sense disorders
30.4 (28.9, 32.1)Males, Mental disorders
29.9 (28.4, 31.6)Males, Endocrine diseases
26.9 (25.4, 28.4)Males, Blood & immune diseases
1.5 (1.2, 1.9)Males, Other neoplasms
4.8 (4.2, 5.5)Males, Malignant neoplasms
191.9 (187.8, 195.9)Males, Infectious diseases
9.8 (8.9, 10.8)
  • + Source

    Mortality estimates for years up to 2005 are based on Australian Bureau of Statistics death registration data. Data from 2006 onwards were provided by the Australian Coordinating Registry, Cause of Death Unit Record File; the data for the most 2 recent years are preliminary (SAPHaRI, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health)

  • + Notes

    Only NSW residents are included. Deaths are classified using ICD-10 classification and distributed according to ICD-10 chapters. Separate ICD-10 chapters on diseases of the nervous system, eye and ear and chapters on conditions relating to pregnancy, perinatal period and congenital diseases are combined into single categories in the analysis. 

    Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Counts of deaths for the latest year of data include an estimate of the number of deaths occurring in that year but registered in the next year.

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate. 

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Deaths by category

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; AM - Australian Modification
      DescriptionICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Infectious diseases A00-B99

      This indicator uses underlying cause of death only.

      All records are included for NSW residents only.

      Neoplasms - malignant C00-C99
      Neoplasms - other than malignant D00-D48
      Blood and immune diseases D50-D89
      Endocrine diseases E00-E89
      Mental disorders F00-F99
      Nervous and sense disorders G00-H95
      Circulatory diseases I00-I99, Excluding I84
      Respiratory diseases J00-J99
      Digestive system diseases K00-K93, I84
      Skin diseases L00-L99
      Musculoskeletal diseases M00-M99
      Genitourinary diseases N00-N99
      Maternal, neonatal and congenital causes O00-Q99
      Ill defined and unknown causes R00-R99, U00-U49
      Injury and poisoning (all external cause codes) S00-T98, U50-U73, V01-Y89

      Haemorrhoids were classified as diseases of the circulatory system under ICD-10-AM Seventh edition (I84). In ICD-10-AM Eighth edition haemorrhoids are classified with diseases of the digestive system (K64). Consequently, haemorrhoids are not included in the total count of diseases of circulatory.

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Deaths

        • In 2018, there were 53,456 deaths of residents in NSW. The number of deaths has increased by around 13% in the 10 years since 2009. However, the death rate has decreased by around 12% over this period due to an increasing population.

        • The age standardised death rate was 506.4 per 100,000 population in NSW in 2018.  

        • In 2018 the age-adjusted male death rate was around 46% higher than the female death rate (610.5 compared with 417.0 per 100,000 population respectively). This difference has declined from 52% over the last 10 years since 2009.

        • In 2018, there were 294 infant deaths in NSW, which was 2.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate in Australia was 3.1 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018.

    • Introduction: Deaths


      Death or mortality statistics are published at regular intervals in most countries and usually show numbers and rates of deaths by sex, age and other variables. A death rate is an estimate of the proportion of the population that dies during a specified period (Last 2001). In this report it is expressed as the number of deaths per 100,000 population (person-years).

      The proportion of people in different age groups varies between geographic areas and over time and can therefore influence death rate comparisons within these dimensions. Age-adjustment (also known as age-standardisation) allows for the comparison of death rates across geographic areas and over time after removing the effects of the different age structures in these dimensions.

      Refer to the Methods tab for more information.

      Death rates internationally

      Death rates from all causes are low in Australia and NSW by international standards. The World Health Organization classifies Australia into an ‘A stratum’, with very low child and adult mortality. Comparisons by country reveal that the probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1,000 population (WHO calculated adult mortality rate) spans from around 50 in selected developed countries to just under 500 in some African countries. Australia’s rate was 61 per 1,000 in 2016, which placed it 16th out of 183 reported countries (WHO 2018).


      World Health Organization. World health statistics. Geneva: WHO. Available at:

    • Interventions: Deaths

      Interventions aiming to reduce deaths rates in NSW are embedded in strategies dealing with specific health issues or specific disadvantaged populations.

    • For more information: Deaths

      Useful websites include:

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 16 June 2020