HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Infant mortality

NSW, 2017
2.9NSW, 2016
2.7NSW, 2015
3.3NSW, 2014
3.5NSW, 2013
3.7NSW, 2012
3.2NSW, 2011
3.8NSW, 2010
3.9NSW, 2009
3.9NSW, 2008
4.1NSW, 2007
4NSW, 2006
4.6NSW, 2005
4.7NSW, 2004
4.6NSW, 2003
4.6NSW, 2002
4.6NSW, 2001
5.3NSW, 2000
5.2NSW, 1999
5.8NSW, 1998
4.3NSW, 1997
5.2NSW, 1996
5.8NSW, 1995
5.7NSW, 1994
6.3NSW, 1993
6.2NSW, 1992
7.4NSW, 1991
7.2NSW, 1990
8.1NSW, 1989
8.7NSW, 1988
9.2NSW, 1987
8.5Australia, 2017
3.3Australia, 2016
3.1Australia, 2015
3.2Australia, 2014
3.4Australia, 2013
3.6Australia, 2012
3.3Australia, 2011
3.8Australia, 2010
4.1Australia, 2009
4.2Australia, 2008
4.1Australia, 2007
4.1Australia, 2006
4.7Australia, 2005
4.9Australia, 2004
4.7Australia, 2003
4.8Australia, 2002
5Australia, 2001
5.3Australia, 2000
5.2Australia, 1999
5.7Australia, 1998
5Australia, 1997
5.3Australia, 1996
5.8Australia, 1995
5.7Australia, 1994
5.9Australia, 1993
6.1Australia, 1992
7Australia, 1991
7.1Australia, 1990
8.2Australia, 1989
8Australia, 1988
8.7Australia, 1987
  • + Source

    Australian Bureau of Statistics. Deaths. Catalogue number 3302.0. Canberra: ABS, latest available year. Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Infant mortality rate (IMR)= the number of deaths in children aged up to 1 year per 1,000 live births.

    Mortality rates were calculated based on registration year of death and registration year of birth  and includes NSW residents only.

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Infant mortality

      Refer to Australian Bureau of Statistics. Deaths. Catalogue number 3302.0. Canberra: ABS. (any year).

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Deaths

        • In 2018, there were 53,456 deaths of residents in NSW. The number of deaths has increased by around 13% in the 10 years since 2009. However, the death rate has decreased by around 12% over this period due to an increasing population.

        • The age standardised death rate was 506.4 per 100,000 population in NSW in 2018.  

        • In 2018 the age-adjusted male death rate was around 46% higher than the female death rate (610.5 compared with 417.0 per 100,000 population respectively). This difference has declined from 52% over the last 10 years since 2009.

        • In 2018, there were 294 infant deaths in NSW, which was 2.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate in Australia was 3.1 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018.

    • Introduction: Infant mortality

      Definition and significance

      Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths in children aged up to 1 year per 1,000 live births.

      Infant mortality is an important indicator of the health of both pregnant women and newborns, and reflects a number of both social and economic factors, such as average income level, income distribution within a country, and the availability and accessibility of health services. In relation to health services, infant mortality is an indicator of the quality of antenatal care, the effectiveness of obstetric services and the quality of infant care in the hospital and in the community.

      Diminishing burden of disease

      The large reductions in infant mortality seen in the first half of the twentieth century were a result of improvements in social and public health conditions, combined with the development of mass immunisation programs and the effective use of antibiotics. More recent reductions in mortality have been attributed to the decline in deaths from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), following national public education campaigns commenced in the early 1990’s that promoted placing babies on their back or side in such a way that they are unable to roll onto their stomach.

    • Interventions: Deaths

      Interventions aiming to reduce deaths rates in NSW are embedded in strategies dealing with specific health issues or specific disadvantaged populations.

    • For more information: Deaths

      Useful websites include:

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 29 October 2019