HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Cancer: New cases and cancer-related deaths

Bone and connective tissue, 2015
4.8Bone and connective tissue, 2014
4.3Bone and connective tissue, 2013
5Bone and connective tissue, 2012
4.2Bone and connective tissue, 2011
4.9Bone and connective tissue, 2010
4.5Bone and connective tissue, 2009
4.3Bone and connective tissue, 2008
3.7Bone and connective tissue, 2007
3.6Bone and connective tissue, 2006
3.6Bone and connective tissue, 2005
3.9Bone and connective tissue, 2004
4.8Bone and connective tissue, 2003
4.4Bone and connective tissue, 2002
4.3Bone and connective tissue, 2001
4.3Bone and connective tissue, 2000
3.2Bone and connective tissue, 1999
3.5Bone and connective tissue, 1998
4Bone and connective tissue, 1997
3.9Bone and connective tissue, 1996
4.3Bone and connective tissue, 1995
4Bone and connective tissue, 1994
3.8Bone and connective tissue, 1993
4.3Bone and connective tissue, 1992
4.6Bone and connective tissue, 1991
4.7Bone and connective tissue, 1990
4.1Bone and connective tissue, 1989
3.8Bone and connective tissue, 1988
4.9Bone and connective tissue, 1987
4Bowel, 2015
68.5Bowel, 2014
66.8Bowel, 2013
65.1Bowel, 2012
73.1Bowel, 2011
72.4Bowel, 2010
76.5Bowel, 2009
73.3Bowel, 2008
74Bowel, 2007
79.2Bowel, 2006
76.7Bowel, 2005
75.2Bowel, 2004
76.8Bowel, 2003
72.1Bowel, 2002
73.4Bowel, 2001
75.1Bowel, 2000
79.4Bowel, 1999
76Bowel, 1998
74.1Bowel, 1997
78.2Bowel, 1996
76.7Bowel, 1995
78.1Bowel, 1994
74.6Bowel, 1993
74.1Bowel, 1992
78Bowel, 1991
77.6Bowel, 1990
74.4Bowel, 1989
76.1Bowel, 1988
69.9Bowel, 1987
70.4Breast, 2015
0.9Breast, 2014
0.9Breast, 2013
1.3Breast, 2012
1.2Breast, 2011
1.2Breast, 2010
0.8Breast, 2009
1.1Breast, 2008
1.2Breast, 2007
0.9Breast, 2006
1.1Breast, 2005
1Breast, 2004
1.1Breast, 2003
1.3Breast, 2002
0.8Breast, 2001
1Breast, 2000
1.1Breast, 1999
0.8Breast, 1998
1.2Breast, 1997
0.8Breast, 1996
1.2Breast, 1995
0.7Breast, 1994
0.8Breast, 1993
1.1Breast, 1992
1Breast, 1991
1.2Breast, 1990
1.2Breast, 1989
1.3Breast, 1988
1.2Breast, 1987
0.8Cancer unknown primary, 2015
11.3Cancer unknown primary, 2014
12.7Cancer unknown primary, 2013
13.3Cancer unknown primary, 2012
13.8Cancer unknown primary, 2011
13.1Cancer unknown primary, 2010
13.6Cancer unknown primary, 2009
13.7Cancer unknown primary, 2008
14.2Cancer unknown primary, 2007
15.5Cancer unknown primary, 2006
18.8Cancer unknown primary, 2005
19.1Cancer unknown primary, 2004
20.7Cancer unknown primary, 2003
23.1Cancer unknown primary, 2002
24.3Cancer unknown primary, 2001
23.5Cancer unknown primary, 2000
21.3Cancer unknown primary, 1999
20.8Cancer unknown primary, 1998
21Cancer unknown primary, 1997
25.1Cancer unknown primary, 1996
24.6Cancer unknown primary, 1995
22.3Cancer unknown primary, 1994
23.8Cancer unknown primary, 1993
23.7Cancer unknown primary, 1992
24.7Cancer unknown primary, 1991
28.5Cancer unknown primary, 1990
25.8Cancer unknown primary, 1989
25.1Cancer unknown primary, 1988
23.8Cancer unknown primary, 1987
24.7Eye, 2015
1.5Eye, 2014
1.3Eye, 2013
1.2Eye, 2012
1Eye, 2011
1.4Eye, 2010
1.7Eye, 2009
1.3Eye, 2008
1.6Eye, 2007
1.4Eye, 2006
1.8Eye, 2005
1.8Eye, 2004
1.8Eye, 2003
1.2Eye, 2002
1.6Eye, 2001
1.3Eye, 2000
1.5Eye, 1999
1.3Eye, 1998
1.5Eye, 1997
1.8Eye, 1996
2Eye, 1995
1.3Eye, 1994
1.8Eye, 1993
1.7Eye, 1992
1.3Eye, 1991
1Eye, 1990
1.3Eye, 1989
1.6Eye, 1988
1.3Eye, 1987
1.6Head and neck, 2015
21.5Head and neck, 2014
20.6Head and neck, 2013
21.2Head and neck, 2012
19.7Head and neck, 2011
20.8Head and neck, 2010
20.7Head and neck, 2009
20.3Head and neck, 2008
20.6Head and neck, 2007
20.5Head and neck, 2006
21.5Head and neck, 2005
19.5Head and neck, 2004
19Head and neck, 2003
19.4Head and neck, 2002
19.7Head and neck, 2001
19.7Head and neck, 2000
20.9Head and neck, 1999
21.7Head and neck, 1998
22.1Head and neck, 1997
22.2Head and neck, 1996
21.2Head and neck, 1995
23.2Head and neck, 1994
21.2Head and neck, 1993
23.8Head and neck, 1992
24.5Head and neck, 1991
22.1Head and neck, 1990
23.4Head and neck, 1989
24.1Head and neck, 1988
23.4Head and neck, 1987
25Lymphohaematopoietic, 2015
69.5Lymphohaematopoietic, 2014
65.8Lymphohaematopoietic, 2013
65.4Lymphohaematopoietic, 2012
69.2Lymphohaematopoietic, 2011
66.1Lymphohaematopoietic, 2010
63.2Lymphohaematopoietic, 2009
61.7Lymphohaematopoietic, 2008
61.3Lymphohaematopoietic, 2007
63.2Lymphohaematopoietic, 2006
62.5Lymphohaematopoietic, 2005
65.1Lymphohaematopoietic, 2004
71.2Lymphohaematopoietic, 2003
68.4Lymphohaematopoietic, 2002
51.5Lymphohaematopoietic, 2001
51.2Lymphohaematopoietic, 2000
49Lymphohaematopoietic, 1999
49.9Lymphohaematopoietic, 1998
47.7Lymphohaematopoietic, 1997
46.6Lymphohaematopoietic, 1996
47.2Lymphohaematopoietic, 1995
46.7Lymphohaematopoietic, 1994
47.4Lymphohaematopoietic, 1993
47.5Lymphohaematopoietic, 1992
46.3Lymphohaematopoietic, 1991
44.4Lymphohaematopoietic, 1990
45.4Lymphohaematopoietic, 1989
44.3Lymphohaematopoietic, 1988
45.1Lymphohaematopoietic, 1987
43.2Neurological, 2015
8.9Neurological, 2014
8.7Neurological, 2013
8.4Neurological, 2012
8.7Neurological, 2011
8.2Neurological, 2010
8Neurological, 2009
9Neurological, 2008
8.9Neurological, 2007
8.8Neurological, 2006
7.6Neurological, 2005
8.5Neurological, 2004
8.8Neurological, 2003
8.6Neurological, 2002
9.2Neurological, 2001
8.2Neurological, 2000
8.8Neurological, 1999
8.3Neurological, 1998
7.7Neurological, 1997
7.8Neurological, 1996
8.7Neurological, 1995
8.4Neurological, 1994
9.3Neurological, 1993
7.6Neurological, 1992
9.1Neurological, 1991
8.3Neurological, 1990
7.9Neurological, 1989
8Neurological, 1988
8.5Neurological, 1987
8.1Respiratory, 2015
59Respiratory, 2014
57.4Respiratory, 2013
60.6Respiratory, 2012
61.1Respiratory, 2011
61.6Respiratory, 2010
63Respiratory, 2009
63.5Respiratory, 2008
63.3Respiratory, 2007
65.8Respiratory, 2006
65.1Respiratory, 2005
63.9Respiratory, 2004
68.9Respiratory, 2003
63.5Respiratory, 2002
63.5Respiratory, 2001
66.2Respiratory, 2000
68Respiratory, 1999
68.2Respiratory, 1998
72.5Respiratory, 1997
72Respiratory, 1996
70.8Respiratory, 1995
73.3Respiratory, 1994
77Respiratory, 1993
76.2Respiratory, 1992
76.6Respiratory, 1991
78.5Respiratory, 1990
80.7Respiratory, 1989
77.8Respiratory, 1988
78.3Respiratory, 1987
84.1Skin, 2015
68.8Skin, 2014
68.9Skin, 2013
70Skin, 2012
70.7Skin, 2011
68.8Skin, 2010
70.5Skin, 2009
66.9Skin, 2008
67Skin, 2007
68.5Skin, 2006
71.4Skin, 2005
68.7Skin, 2004
67Skin, 2003
66.2Skin, 2002
69.4Skin, 2001
63.1Skin, 2000
60.8Skin, 1999
62.2Skin, 1998
61.3Skin, 1997
66.6Skin, 1996
63.8Skin, 1995
63.3Skin, 1994
61.3Skin, 1993
65Skin, 1992
58.8Skin, 1991
57.5Skin, 1990
56.9Skin, 1989
58.3Skin, 1988
58.2Skin, 1987
54.4Thyroid and other endocrine, 2015
8.9Thyroid and other endocrine, 2014
8.8Thyroid and other endocrine, 2013
7.4Thyroid and other endocrine, 2012
7.2Thyroid and other endocrine, 2011
7.4Thyroid and other endocrine, 2010
6Thyroid and other endocrine, 2009
6.4Thyroid and other endocrine, 2008
6.6Thyroid and other endocrine, 2007
5Thyroid and other endocrine, 2006
5.2Thyroid and other endocrine, 2005
5.2Thyroid and other endocrine, 2004
4.6Thyroid and other endocrine, 2003
4.5Thyroid and other endocrine, 2002
3.7Thyroid and other endocrine, 2001
4.2Thyroid and other endocrine, 2000
3.8Thyroid and other endocrine, 1999
3.5Thyroid and other endocrine, 1998
3.7Thyroid and other endocrine, 1997
3.7Thyroid and other endocrine, 1996
3.9Thyroid and other endocrine, 1995
3.7Thyroid and other endocrine, 1994
3.3Thyroid and other endocrine, 1993
2.5Thyroid and other endocrine, 1992
3.1Thyroid and other endocrine, 1991
3.2Thyroid and other endocrine, 1990
2.4Thyroid and other endocrine, 1989
2.6Thyroid and other endocrine, 1988
2.3Thyroid and other endocrine, 1987
2.2Upper gastrointestinal, 2015
52Upper gastrointestinal, 2014
53.3Upper gastrointestinal, 2013
51Upper gastrointestinal, 2012
49.7Upper gastrointestinal, 2011
51.5Upper gastrointestinal, 2010
51.5Upper gastrointestinal, 2009
49.7Upper gastrointestinal, 2008
49.4Upper gastrointestinal, 2007
47.1Upper gastrointestinal, 2006
46.7Upper gastrointestinal, 2005
48.6Upper gastrointestinal, 2004
47.1Upper gastrointestinal, 2003
45Upper gastrointestinal, 2002
44.4Upper gastrointestinal, 2001
44.6Upper gastrointestinal, 2000
42.5Upper gastrointestinal, 1999
45.1Upper gastrointestinal, 1998
43.6Upper gastrointestinal, 1997
44.8Upper gastrointestinal, 1996
42Upper gastrointestinal, 1995
45.8Upper gastrointestinal, 1994
45.1Upper gastrointestinal, 1993
45.7Upper gastrointestinal, 1992
45.4Upper gastrointestinal, 1991
42.7Upper gastrointestinal, 1990
44.7Upper gastrointestinal, 1989
42.8Upper gastrointestinal, 1988
45Upper gastrointestinal, 1987
47Urogenital, 2015
195.8Urogenital, 2014
193.3Urogenital, 2013
205Urogenital, 2012
223.3Urogenital, 2011
224.1Urogenital, 2010
218.7Urogenital, 2009
239.7Urogenital, 2008
235.9Urogenital, 2007
233Urogenital, 2006
224.7Urogenital, 2005
225.3Urogenital, 2004
213.2Urogenital, 2003
189.9Urogenital, 2002
180Urogenital, 2001
177.1Urogenital, 2000
175.7Urogenital, 1999
174.1Urogenital, 1998
170.2Urogenital, 1997
176Urogenital, 1996
180.6Urogenital, 1995
211.5Urogenital, 1994
231.5Urogenital, 1993
205.7Urogenital, 1992
172.7Urogenital, 1991
151.5Urogenital, 1990
145.3Urogenital, 1989
134.2Urogenital, 1988
128.1Urogenital, 1987
122.6
  • + Source

    Annual NSW cancer incidence and mortality data from the Cancer Institute NSW. Population estimates based on data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Primary site of cancer (topography) and cell type (morphology) are coded according to the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, third edition (ICD-O-3). Hospitals in NSW code disease in ICD-10 AM (Australian modification) and are required to notify the following invasive codes: C00-C76, C80-C96. Notification of basal and squamous cell carcinoma of skin is not required (C44, M805-M811). 

    For the purposes of reporting, only primary invasive cancers are counted and included in statistics. Multiple primary cancers in the same person are counted according to the rules set out by the International Association of Cancer Registries. In this module, mesothelioma, Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphoma and other neoplasms of haematopoietic and reticuloendothelial systems are tabulated as separate entities and not included in the statistics for the organs in which these diseases were diagnosed. 

    This module is based on grouping ICD-O3 topography and morphology codes that are similar to ICD-10 classifications but follow earlier ICD-9 coding used in incidence and mortality reports from 1995. These reporting categories have been used to ensure continuity of trends.

    Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001. Numbers for the latest year of data include an estimate of the small numbers of deaths that were registered in the subsequent year, data for which were unavailable at the time of production. No number is displayed in the table if the number of cases is <5. 

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Cancer type codes

      Type

      ICD-O3 topography and/or morphology code

      Bladder

      C67

      Brain

      C71

      Breast

      C50

      Cancer unknown primary

      C26,C39,C42,C48,C76,C77,C80

      Cervical

      C53

      Colon

      C18

      Gallbladder

      C23, C24

      Head and neck

      C01-C14, C30-C32

      Kidney

      C64-C66,C68

      Leukaemia

      M980-M994,M9963

      Lip

      C00

      Liver

      C22

      Lung

      C33,C34

      Melanoma of skin

      C44 and M872-M879

      Mesothelioma

      M905

      Multiple myeloma

      M973

      Myelodysplasia

      M998

      Non-Hodgkins lymphoma

      M959,M967-M972,M976

      Oesophageal

      C15

      Ovarian

      C56,C57.0-7

      Pancreatic

      C25

      Prostate

      C61

      Rectal

      C19-C21

      Stomach

      C16

      Testicular

      C62

      Thyroid

      C73

      Uterine

      C54,C55

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Cancer

      • Cancer is Australia's leading cause of disease burden. It accounts for almost one-fifth of years of healthy life lost due to premature death, disease, and injury.

      • In NSW in 2016, there were 44,978 new cases of cancer (55% in males) and 13,944 deaths (57% in males). Over the 20 years between 1997 and 2016, the incidence rate all cancers increased by 4% in males and by 15% in females. Death rates fell by 28% in males and 12% in females over this same 20 year period.

      • In 2016 in NSW the five leading types of new cases of cancer in descending order were:

      • prostate cancer

      • breast cancer

      • melanoma

      • lung cancer

      • colon cancer.

      • However in 2016 in NSW:

      • lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer death

      • colon cancer was the second leading cause of cancer death

      • breast cancer was the third leading cause of cancer death

      • prostate cancer was the fourth leading cause of cancer death

      • pancreatic cancer was the fifth leading cause of cancer death

      • melanoma was the fourteenth leading cause of cancer death.

    • Introduction: Cancer

      Definitions

      Cancer is a diverse group of diseases in which abnormal cells proliferate and spread out of control. Cancer can develop from most types of cells in different parts of the body, each with its own pattern of growth and spread.

      Some cancers are very invasive and invade adjacent organs and spread to other parts of the body (metastasise) quickly, while others may remain in the body for years without showing any clinical symptoms. Benign neoplasms never spread to distant organs.

      Cancers are classified according to the organ in which they originate (primary site). Even when cancers spread to other organs (secondary cancers or metastases) it is usually possible to ascertain the origin of the malignant cells.

      Burden of disease from cancer

      Cancer is a major cause of mortality in Australia and contributes greatly to morbidity and disability. It accounts for 18% of the total burden of disease in Australia (AIHW 2019).

      Risk factors

      Most cancers have a unique set of causal factors, but many share risk factors. These include: smoking (responsible for the majority of preventable cancers); dietary influences; infectious agents; radiation (including ultraviolet radiation); and genetic factors. The most significant risk factor for developing cancer is old age.

      References

      AIHW 2019. Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 18. Cat. no. BOD 21. Canberra: AIHW. Available at: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/burden-of-disease/burden-disease-study-illness-death-2015/contents/table-of-contents

    • Interventions: Cancer

      Some cancers can be prevented though the avoidance of known risk factors. Risk of death from a number of cancers can be reduced by screening, early detection and appropriate and timely diagnosis treatment, and appropriate management and follow-up. 

      The Cancer Institute NSW is part of NSW Health and is NSW's cancer control agency. It was established under the Cancer Institute NSW (2003) Act and aims to lessen the impact of cancer across the State. The Cancer Institute NSW has the latest data and information on: cancer prevention, including quitting smoking, staying active, maintaining a healthy weight, reducing alcohol intake, and minimising sun exposure; cancer screening and early detection programs in NSW including breast, cervical and bowel cancer screening; and cancer treatment and management

      References

      Cancer Institute NSW. NSW Cancer Plan. Lessening the impact of cancers in NSW

    • For more information: Cancer

      Useful websites include:

      Cancer Institute NSW at http://www.cancerinstitute.org.au

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      Healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

      New South Wales Government. Public Health Act 1991 and Public Health Act 2010. Parliamentary Counsel's Office. Available at http://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 2 June 2020