HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Gastrointestinal infection hospitalisations

Males, 0-4 years, 2017-18
653Males, 0-4 years, 2016-17
540.1Males, 0-4 years, 2015-16
569.6Males, 0-4 years, 2014-15
531.4Males, 0-4 years, 2013-14
501Males, 0-4 years, 2012-13
625.8Males, 0-4 years, 2011-12
582.3Males, 0-4 years, 2010-11
739.8Males, 0-4 years, 2009-10
699.7Males, 0-4 years, 2008-09
758Males, 0-4 years, 2007-08
973Males, 0-4 years, 2006-07
1457.3Males, 0-4 years, 2005-06
1401.6Males, 0-4 years, 2004-05
957.6Males, 0-4 years, 2003-04
1342.2Males, 0-4 years, 2002-03
1388.1Males, 0-4 years, 2001-02
1317.3Males, All ages, 2017-18
248Males, All ages, 2016-17
234Males, All ages, 2015-16
227.1Males, All ages, 2014-15
220.5Males, All ages, 2013-14
224.6Males, All ages, 2012-13
230.7Males, All ages, 2011-12
209.9Males, All ages, 2010-11
222.1Males, All ages, 2009-10
207.2Males, All ages, 2008-09
189.7Males, All ages, 2007-08
136.9Males, All ages, 2006-07
179.8Males, All ages, 2005-06
171.2Males, All ages, 2004-05
127.6Males, All ages, 2003-04
164.2Males, All ages, 2002-03
158.8Males, All ages, 2001-02
151.2Females, 0-4 years, 2017-18
630.3Females, 0-4 years, 2016-17
492.7Females, 0-4 years, 2015-16
512.2Females, 0-4 years, 2014-15
491.4Females, 0-4 years, 2013-14
514Females, 0-4 years, 2012-13
595.5Females, 0-4 years, 2011-12
558.5Females, 0-4 years, 2010-11
655.6Females, 0-4 years, 2009-10
662.9Females, 0-4 years, 2008-09
707.3Females, 0-4 years, 2007-08
895.9Females, 0-4 years, 2006-07
1415.6Females, 0-4 years, 2005-06
1350.3Females, 0-4 years, 2004-05
908.1Females, 0-4 years, 2003-04
1274.6Females, 0-4 years, 2002-03
1405.6Females, 0-4 years, 2001-02
1289.5Females, All ages, 2017-18
329.4Females, All ages, 2016-17
313.1Females, All ages, 2015-16
291.2Females, All ages, 2014-15
281Females, All ages, 2013-14
287Females, All ages, 2012-13
289.4Females, All ages, 2011-12
258.7Females, All ages, 2010-11
255.7Females, All ages, 2009-10
250.7Females, All ages, 2008-09
218.8Females, All ages, 2007-08
143.6Females, All ages, 2006-07
187.6Females, All ages, 2005-06
175.7Females, All ages, 2004-05
135.7Females, All ages, 2003-04
166.9Females, All ages, 2002-03
172.2Females, All ages, 2001-02
  • + Source

    NSW Combined Admitted Patient Epidemiology Data and ABS population estimates (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Only NSW residents are included. Rehabilitation episodes are excluded, unless otherwise stated. Figures are based on where a person resides, rather than where they are treated. Hospital separations were classified using ICD-10-AM. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Patients treated solely within the emergency department are excluded from this indicator report due to a policy change (PD2017_015). Please note that a minority of patients being managed in short stay areas of emergency departments are still included. Further information is found in a paper in the HealthStatsPLUS Methods tab on this website.

    Numbers for recent years include an estimate of the small number of hospitalisations of NSW residents in interstate public hospitals, data for which were unavailable at the time of production. Further details can be found in the Methods tab in the following HealthStats NSW indicator:

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate.

  • + Commentary

    There is substantial evidence demonstrating a relationship between improved living environments and improved health of populations. Literature suggests that by targeting repairs to “health hardware” and improving the ability of a house to support healthy living practices, this will contribute to a reduction in the spread of infectious disease.

    "Housing for Health" is a methodology developed to improve living conditions in Aboriginal communities. The Housing for Health process aims to assess, repair or replace "health hardware" so that houses are safe and the occupants have the ability to carry out healthy living practices. "Health hardware" improvements include electrical safety, structural safety and access, fire safety, working showers, laundry services, drainage and flush toilets.

    The infectious disease groups that are most likely affected by environmental conditions include respiratory infections, gastrointestinal infections, skin infections, and eye and ear infections. Whilst some of these conditions may not be life threatening for adults, they can be for children, particularly those under 5 years old. In some cases repeated infections can also be a contributing factor for some chronic conditions such as rheumatic heart disease and renal disease.  

  • + Data Table
  • + Download
    • Add to My Report
    • Download the indicator content
    • Download the data
    • Download the associated information
    • Download the graph image
  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: gastrointestinal infections


      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; CM - Clinical Modification; AM - Australian Modification


      DescriptionICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Gastrointestinal infections A00-A09

      This indicator uses principal diagnosis only.

      All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages. 

      Episodes that are entirely within an emergency department are excluded.

      Rehab episodes are excluded.

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Hospitalisation

      • Over the 10 years between 2009-10 and 2018-19, the number of hospitalisations has increased in NSW by 31% (from 2,337,027 in 2009-10 to 3,063,914 in 2018-19) but the age-standardised hospital rate has increased by only 11% (from 31,240 per 100,000 population in 2008-09 to 34,818 per 100,000 population in 2018-19). Age-standardisation adjusts for the  impact of the known effect of an ageing population on increasing hospitalisation rates over time.

      • Age-standardised hospitalisation rates for females are consistently higher than those for males over time and were 3.3% higher than males in 2018-19. 

      • Apart from population ageing and differences in the age structures of population groups (such as Aboriginal peoples and those living in rural areas), rates of hospitalisation are influenced by the incidence (new cases) and prevalence (existing cases) of chronic and acute disease, as well as injury in the population, availability of and access to health services, and availability of treatment options for diseases and injuries.

    • Introduction: Hospitalisation


      The term 'hospitalisation' refers to a period of time during which a person stayed in a hospital for a defined purpose, which could be diagnostic, curative or palliative. A hospital stay starts with a formal process of admission and ends with a formal separation.

      Hospitalisations are described in hospital statistics, which measure hospital activity. The number of patients in a period of time, number of beds, types of beds (for acute or chronic cases etc) and bed occupancy levels are measured among other variables. These statistics are compared to staffing levels, available funds and population size and are used to monitor the distribution and utilisation of hospital services. Hospitalisations can also be analysed by a patient's demographic and clinical characteristics such as their age and their clinical diagnosis.

      Sources of data in NSW

      Sources of data on hospitalisations in NSW include the NSW Combined Admitted Patient Epidemiology Data (CAPED) and NSW Population Health Survey.

      In HealthStats NSW, hospitalisations are analysed on the basis of separations (i.e. the date the person completed that hospital episode, rather than the date that person was admitted into that hospital episode). The reason for this is that the coding of a patient's clinical diagnosis during a hospitalisation is done after separating from that hospital. This diagnosis may be different from the reason the person was admitted. Expert medical coders decide on the principal and associated diagnoses after separation based on the whole medical records of the patient.

    • Interventions: Hospitalisation

      Interventions aiming to reduce hospitalisation rates are embedded in strategies dealing with specific health issues or specific disadvantaged populations.

      These strategies focus on reduction of prevalence of conditions in the community (prevention of conditions arising in the first place) or on reduction of hospitalisations for these conditions via two different methods. One method focuses on preventing worsening of conditions and managing these conditions via primary care system and thus preventing admission to hospital. The topic of Potentially Preventable Hospitalisations (Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions) contains a discussion of details concerning these conditions. The NSW Chronic Care Program covers many such conditions requiring hospitalisation.

      The other approach reduces the burden of hospitalisations on the health system by reducing the number of beds required at any point in time. It is based on the concept of out-of-hospital care, which includes hospital care at home. NSW Ministry of Health delivers an increasing type and number of services in out of hospital environment.

    • For more information: Hospitalisation

      Useful websites include:

      NSW Ministry of Health. Hospitals/Health services website at

      NSW Ministry of Health. Hospital in the home. Sydney: NSW MoH, 2012. Available at:

      Bureau of Health Information at

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 30 June 2020