HealthStats NSW

Immunisation in children

Non-Aboriginal, All LHDs
93.3Non-Aboriginal, Far West
96.8Non-Aboriginal, Western NSW
95.9Non-Aboriginal, Murrumbidgee
95.7Non-Aboriginal, Southern NSW
94.7Non-Aboriginal, Mid North Coast
91.8Non-Aboriginal, Northern NSW
87.5Non-Aboriginal, Hunter New England
95.5Non-Aboriginal, Central Coast
95.3Non-Aboriginal, Northern Sydney
92.6Non-Aboriginal, Nepean Blue Mountains
94.2Non-Aboriginal, Western Sydney
92.2Non-Aboriginal, Illawarra Shoalhaven
95.2Non-Aboriginal, South Eastern Sydney
92.9Non-Aboriginal, South Western Sydney
92.8Non-Aboriginal, Sydney
92.3Aboriginal, All LHDs
93.3Aboriginal, Far West
92.9Aboriginal, Western NSW
91.9Aboriginal, Murrumbidgee
92.8Aboriginal, Southern NSW
92.5Aboriginal, Mid North Coast
94.6Aboriginal, Northern NSW
92.2Aboriginal, Hunter New England
94.1Aboriginal, Central Coast
95.5Aboriginal, Northern Sydney
94.7Aboriginal, Nepean Blue Mountains
92.9Aboriginal, Western Sydney
89.6Aboriginal, Illawarra Shoalhaven
96Aboriginal, South Eastern Sydney
91.7Aboriginal, South Western Sydney
94.6Aboriginal, Sydney
  • + Source

    Based on data from the Australian Immunisation Register. Health Protection NSW. Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Due to under-reporting of vaccination, true figures may be higher than shown. For the purpose of immunisation a child aged 12 months to less than 15 months is regarded as 1 year old,  aged 24 to less than 27 months is regarded as 2 years old and aged 60 to less than 63 months is regarded as 5 years old. Vaccinations required for the status of fully immunised are age dependent. See Methods tab for more information.

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    • Key points: Immunisation in children


      • Immunisation rates in NSW are high and at over 90% are consistent with the national average.

      Latest available data for children in NSW

      • The immunisation rate in children aged 1 year was 93.3% in NSW in 2016.

      • The immunisation rate in children aged 2 years was 91.1% in NSW in 2016.

      • The immunisation rate in children aged 5 years was 93.5% in NSW in 2016.

      • Immunisation rates improved by 6.6% in children aged 5 years in NSW between 2008 and 2016.

      • The immunisation rates in Aboriginal children at all ages were equal to or higher than the rates in non-Aboriginal children in NSW in 2016. 

    • Introduction: Immunisation in children

      Routine immunisation of infants in Australia began in the 1950s and the first nationally funded program for diphtheria, tetanus and polio started in 1975. Since this time the National Immunisation Program has grown to be a major public health program co-funded by the Australian government and state/territory governments.

      The current National Immunisation Program Schedule covers diseases including: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, hepatitis B,  Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), pneumococcal disease, rotavirus, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella (chicken pox) and meningococcal C.

    • Interventions: Immunisation in children

      NSW children are provided universal access to free vaccines included in the National Immunisation Program Schedule. In NSW, approximately 85% of vaccinations are given in a general practice setting, with the remaining 15% given by community health centres, local councils, public hospitals and Aboriginal medical services. NSW Health has employed Aboriginal immunisation health workers in all Local Health Districts since 2011/12 to follow up Aboriginal children who are due or overdue for their immunisations.

      The Australian Immunisation Register (AIR), a State/Territory and Commonwealth cost-share program managed by the Australian Government Department of Human Services, was established in 1996. It was extended in 2016 to record information on the immunisation status of all Australians registered with Medicare.  

      The AIR collects immunisation information from service providers, enables providers and parents/guardians to check on the immunisation status of an individual, and provides information to help determine eligibility for child care benefits and family assistance payments.

      Governments and health professionals use the AIR to monitor immunisation coverage levels and service delivery. The AIR supplies NSW Health with quarterly coverage data by local government area. These data form the basis for the information presented in this report.

    • For more information: Immunisation in children

      NSW Health. Immunisation Programs. Web page available at

      Australian Government. Department of Human Services. Australian Immunisation Register Statistics. Web page available at

      Australian Government. Department of Health. Australian Immunisation Handbook. Web page available at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 6 June 2017