HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Coronary heart disease hospitalisations by age

  • NSW, trend
  • by age, trends
  • by age and year
  • Persons hospitalised trend
  • comparisons
  • by Aboriginality and year
  • by Aboriginality, trend
  • by Local Health District and year
  • by Local Health District, trend
  • by Primary Health Network and year
  • by Primary Health Network, trend
  • by Local Government Area and year, maps
  • by Local Government Area, trend
    Local Government Areas
  • by remoteness and year
  • by remoteness, trend
  • by socioeconomic status and year
  • by socioeconomic status, trend
Albury LGA, 2014-16
607.4Albury LGA, 2013-15
549Albury LGA, 2012-14
563.4Albury LGA, 2011-13
595.4Albury LGA, 2010-12
624.1Albury LGA, 2009-11
619.2Albury LGA, 2008-10
612Albury LGA, 2007-09
575Albury LGA, 2006-08
526.3Albury LGA, 2005-07
605.5Albury LGA, 2004-06
632.2Albury LGA, 2003-05
684.8Albury LGA, 2002-04
755.6Albury LGA, 2001-03
724.3Total NSW, 2014-16
529.7Total NSW, 2013-15
547.3Total NSW, 2012-14
567.5Total NSW, 2011-13
579Total NSW, 2010-12
596Total NSW, 2009-11
620.7Total NSW, 2008-10
643.8Total NSW, 2007-09
675.1Total NSW, 2006-08
712.2Total NSW, 2005-07
739.7Total NSW, 2004-06
761.5Total NSW, 2003-05
789.5Total NSW, 2002-04
800.6Total NSW, 2001-03
801.3
  • + Source

    NSW Combined Admitted Patient Epidemiology Data and ABS population estimates (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Only NSW residents are included. Rehabilitation episodes are excluded. Figures are based on where a person resides, not where they are treated. Hospital separations were classified using ICD-10-AM.

    Numbers for recent years include an estimate of the small number of hospitalisations of NSW residents in interstate public hospitals, data for which were unavailable at the time of production. Further details can be found in the Methods tab in the following HealthStats NSW indicator: http://www.healthstats.nsw.gov.au/Indicator/bod_hos_cat

    Direct age standardisation was used to calculate standardised rates and counts; Spatial adjustment methods were used to calculate the adjusted rates.  Local Government Area boundaries used were defined in 2016.

    The state rate used in the Local Government Area trend view is lower than the state rate as it doesn't include cases who can not be assigned to a LGA.

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Coronary heart disease

       

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; CM - Clinical Modification; AM - Australian Modification

       

      DescriptionICD-9 & ICD-9-CMICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Coronary heart disease 410-414 I20-I25 All records are included except those involving rehabilitation, NSW residents only, all ages.

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Circulatory disease

      • Circulatory diseases cause more than 15,000 deaths and 150,000 hospitalisations of NSW residents in each year. Coronary heart disease and atrial fibrillation and flutter contribute the most to these diseases' hospitalisation burden, followed by heart failure and strokes.

      • Death rates, and numbers of deaths, from circulatory disease are consistently higher in males than in females. Death rates are higher in Inner regional, Outer regional and Remote areas of NSW than in Major cities.

      • Death rates from all forms of circulatory disease have more than halved in the last twenty years after adjusting for population ageing. This is due to both:

        • decreased incidence, associated with reductions in some risk factors, including smoking, saturated fats in the diet, and levels of blood pressure;

        • increased survival, as a result of improvements in medical and surgical treatment and follow-up care.

      • Coronary heart disease caused 6,290 deaths in 2016. Coronary heart disease was the principal reason for 46,602 hospitalisations in NSW in 2017-18.

      • Stroke caused just over 2,887 deaths in NSW in 2016. Stroke was the principal reason for 13,093 hospitalisations in NSW in 2017-18.

      • Heart failure was the underlying cause of 1,108 deaths in NSW in 2016 and was a contributing cause in many more. Heart failure was the principal reason for 17,543 hospitalisations in NSW in 2017-18.

      • In the treatment of coronary heart disease, the number of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PCTA) procedures (with and without stents) first exceeded the number of the more invasive coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedures in 2000-01. More than 14,000 PCTAs were performed in 2016-17, more than three times as many as CABGs at around 4,000 procedures.

    • Introduction: Circulatory disease

      Definitions

      Cardiovascular (or circulatory) diseases comprise all diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Among these diseases, the four types responsible for the most deaths in NSW are: coronary heart disease (or ischaemic heart disease), stroke (or cerebrovascular disease), heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease. Other causes of death are cardiac arrhythmias (most notably atrial fibrillation), heart valve disorders, non-ischaemic cardiomyopathies, pulmonary embolism, and hypertensive renal and heart disease. Significant causes of morbidity include hypertension, deep vein thrombosis, haemorrhoids and varicose veins.

      Burden of disease

      Cardiovascular diseases accounted for 15% of the total disease burden in Australia in 2011, second only to cancers. The burden from cardiovascular diseases was predomonantly fatal (80%) with only 20% due to non-fatal burden. Coronary (ischaemic) heart disease ranked highest in total individual disease burden (7% of the total burden) and stroke ranked eigth highest (3% of the total disease burden). 

      Presently, cardiovascular diseases account for around 48,000 deaths in Australia (around 33-34% of all deaths), more than any other group of diseases. This proportion has been in decline since 1970, when nationally cardiovascular diseases were responsible for over half of all deaths.

      Risk factors

      The four major causes of death from cardiovascular disease share a number of behavioural risk factors (tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, poor diet, risky alcohol consumption) leading to physiological risk factors (high blood pressure, elevated blood lipids, diabetes mellitus, and overweight or obesity).

      References

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2016. Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 3. BOD 4. Canberra: AIHW at https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/burden-of-disease/abds-impact-and-causes-of-illness-death-2011/contents/highlights

    • Interventions: Circulatory diseases and Preventive Health

      Circulatory diseases share many modifiable risk factors with other lifestyle-related chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. These include smoking, physical inactivity, poor diet, harmful alcohol consumption and being overweight. This means that strategies related to the prevention, early detection and optimal management of these risk factors will lead to better health outcomes for people with circulatory diseases and other lifestyle-related chronic diseases.

      Information on NSW Health programs and policies is available at http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/healthyliving/Pages/default.aspx.

    • For more information: Circulatory disease

      Useful websites

      National Heart Foundation of Australia at https://www.heartfoundation.org.au

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 19 June 2018