HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Population by Aboriginality

Non-Aboriginal, Females, 85+
1.4Non-Aboriginal, Males, 85+
0.8Non-Aboriginal, Females, 80-84
1.1Non-Aboriginal, Males, 80-84
0.9Non-Aboriginal, Females, 75-79
1.5Non-Aboriginal, Males, 75-79
1.4Non-Aboriginal, Females, 70-74
2Non-Aboriginal, Males, 70-74
1.9Non-Aboriginal, Females, 65-69
2.6Non-Aboriginal, Males, 65-69
2.5Non-Aboriginal, Females, 60-64
2.8Non-Aboriginal, Males, 60-64
2.7Non-Aboriginal, Females, 55-59
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Males, 55-59
3.1Non-Aboriginal, Females, 50-54
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Males, 50-54
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Females, 45-49
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Males, 45-49
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Females, 40-44
3.4Non-Aboriginal, Males, 40-44
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Females, 35-39
3.4Non-Aboriginal, Males, 35-39
3.4Non-Aboriginal, Females, 30-34
3.7Non-Aboriginal, Males, 30-34
3.7Non-Aboriginal, Females, 25-29
3.7Non-Aboriginal, Males, 25-29
3.7Non-Aboriginal, Females, 20-24
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Males, 20-24
3.5Non-Aboriginal, Females, 15-19
2.9Non-Aboriginal, Males, 15-19
3Non-Aboriginal, Females, 10-14
2.8Non-Aboriginal, Males, 10-14
2.9Non-Aboriginal, Females, 5-9
3Non-Aboriginal, Males, 5-9
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Females, 0-4
3.1Non-Aboriginal, Males, 0-4
3.2Aboriginal, Males, 85+
0.1Aboriginal, Females, 85+
0.2Aboriginal, Males, 80-84
0.2Aboriginal, Females, 80-84
0.2Aboriginal, Males, 75-79
0.3Aboriginal, Females, 75-79
0.4Aboriginal, Males, 70-74
0.6Aboriginal, Females, 70-74
0.7Aboriginal, Males, 65-69
1Aboriginal, Females, 65-69
1.1Aboriginal, Males, 60-64
1.4Aboriginal, Females, 60-64
1.5Aboriginal, Males, 55-59
1.9Aboriginal, Females, 55-59
2.1Aboriginal, Males, 50-54
2.3Aboriginal, Females, 50-54
2.5Aboriginal, Males, 45-49
2.5Aboriginal, Females, 45-49
2.9Aboriginal, Males, 40-44
2.6Aboriginal, Females, 40-44
2.9Aboriginal, Males, 35-39
2.4Aboriginal, Females, 35-39
2.6Aboriginal, Males, 30-34
2.9Aboriginal, Females, 30-34
3Aboriginal, Males, 25-29
3.7Aboriginal, Females, 25-29
3.7Aboriginal, Males, 20-24
4.8Aboriginal, Females, 20-24
4.5Aboriginal, Males, 15-19
5.3Aboriginal, Females, 15-19
5.1Aboriginal, Males, 10-14
5.7Aboriginal, Females, 10-14
5.3Aboriginal, Males, 5-9
6Aboriginal, Females, 5-9
5.8Aboriginal, Males, 0-4
6.3Aboriginal, Females, 0-4
  • + Source

    Australian Bureau of Statistics. Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 to 2031, Catalogue number 3238.0. Canberra: ABS, 2019. 

    Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Demographic Statistics, Catalogue number 3101.0. Canberra: ABS, March 2018.

  • + Notes

    Population estimates as at 30 June each year. Components may not add up to the total exactly and population estimates may not be the same as other publications, due to rounding.

    The Australian Bureau of Statistics total population and Aboriginal population estimates are based on the 2016 census. See Methods for details.

    # Recasted population from 2006 to 2015

    * Projected population from 2017 to 2031

  • + Commentary

    Differences between the stucture of the general population and a smaller population sub-group such as Aboriginal peoples (comprising just over 3% of the total poulation in NSW), are best shown by comparing the proportion of each population for each 5-year age group in the form of a population pyramid (see Methods tab on Population pyramids for further detail).

    The shape of a pyramid quickly communicates the details of the population. Compared with the non-Aboriginal population of NSW, the Aboriginal population pyramid is more triangular in shape, indicating higher fertility and death rates and shorter life expectancy among Aboriginal peoples in NSW. The Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal trends for each age group show the higher proportion across time for younger age groups in the Aboriginal population up until those aged in their twenties when the proportion of people in each age group is lower in the Aboriginal compared with the non-Aboriginal population, indicative of higher death rates.

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    • Key points: Demography

      • The estimated residential population of NSW in 2017 was 7,861,068 which was just under one-third of Australia's population. The population of NSW in 2036 is projected to be approximately 9,925,548.

      • In 2017 the female population slightly outnumbered the male population (98.2 males per 100 females) and this gap is predicted to remain similar in 2036 (98.4 males per 100 females).

      • The proportion of females in the population increases with age. In 2017 females made up 50.4% of the total population but 53.3% of the NSW population aged 65 years or more, and 62.4% of the population aged 85 years or more.

      • The NSW population is predominantly urban. In 2016 approximately 75.0% of the NSW population lived in major cities, 18.8% lived in inner regional areas, and 6.2% in outer regional and remote areas.

      • In 2017 approximately 3.0% of the total population in NSW were Aboriginal and were relatively younger overall than the non-Aboriginal population. Of the total Aboriginal population in 2017, 11.8% were aged 0-4 years, compared with 6.1% of the non-Aboriginal population, and 0.2% were aged 85 years and over, compared with 2.2% of the non-Aboriginal population. 

    • Introduction: Demography


      Demography is the study of populations, especially with reference to size and density, fertility, mortality, growth, age and sex distribution, migration and vital statistics and the interaction of all these with social and economic conditions.

      Understanding population trends informs decision-making in planning, allocating and providing a wide variety of services, including population and community health, primary health, specialist and hospital services. 

      Age and sex as determinants of health

      Age and sex are important determinants of the health of individuals. Thus, the age and sex structure of a population has a strong effect on patterns of illness and use of health services.

      The age and sex structure will vary among different regions, for reasons such as young adults moving to cities for study or work and older people retiring to coastal areas.


      A dictionary of epidemiology. Fifth edition. Oxford reference.

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment. Demography.

    • For more information: Demography

      Useful websites

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment at

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Wednesday, 26 February 2020