HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
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Population by age

Females, Albury Wodonga Health <br/> Authority, NSW Part
27Females, Far West
15Females, Western NSW
140Females, Murrumbidgee
121Females, Southern NSW
102Females, Mid North Coast
111Females, Northern NSW
152Females, Hunter New England
462Females, Central Coast
172Females, Northern Sydney
468Females, Nepean Blue Mountains
185Females, Western Sydney
470Females, Illawarra Shoalhaven
205Females, South Eastern Sydney
459Females, South Western Sydney
486Females, Sydney
330Males, Albury Wodonga Health <br/> Authority, NSW Part
25Males, Far West
15Males, Western NSW
139Males, Murrumbidgee
120Males, Southern NSW
103Males, Mid North Coast
105Males, Northern NSW
145Males, Hunter New England
450Males, Central Coast
164Males, Northern Sydney
446Males, Nepean Blue Mountains
182Males, Western Sydney
479Males, Illawarra Shoalhaven
201Males, South Eastern Sydney
455Males, South Western Sydney
478Males, Sydney
  • + Source

    Based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated resident populations. Population projections based on data from the NSW Department of Planning and Environment (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Population estimates as at 30 June each year. Components may not add up to the total exactly and population estimates may not be the same as other publications, due to rounding.

    Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated resident populations are based on the 2016 Census; projected populations start from 2018. See Methods for details. 

    * projected population.

  • + Commentary

    The Population growth by Local Health District indicator group contains views showing Local Health District populations by age and sex. To find it, refer to Related indicators tab above.  

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    • Key points: Demography

      • The estimated residential population of NSW in 2017 was 7,861,068 which was just under one-third of Australia's population. The population of NSW in 2036 is projected to be approximately 9,925,548.

      • In 2017 the female population slightly outnumbered the male population (98.2 males per 100 females) and this gap is predicted to remain similar in 2036 (98.4 males per 100 females).

      • The proportion of females in the population increases with age. In 2017 females made up 50.4% of the total population but 53.3% of the NSW population aged 65 years or more, and 62.4% of the population aged 85 years or more.

      • The NSW population is predominantly urban. In 2016 approximately 75.0% of the NSW population lived in major cities, 18.8% lived in inner regional areas, and 6.2% in outer regional and remote areas.

      • In 2017 approximately 3.0% of the total population in NSW were Aboriginal and were relatively younger overall than the non-Aboriginal population. Of the total Aboriginal population in 2017, 11.8% were aged 0-4 years, compared with 6.1% of the non-Aboriginal population, and 0.2% were aged 85 years and over, compared with 2.2% of the non-Aboriginal population. 

    • Introduction: Demography


      Demography is the study of populations, especially with reference to size and density, fertility, mortality, growth, age and sex distribution, migration and vital statistics and the interaction of all these with social and economic conditions.

      Understanding population trends informs decision-making in planning, allocating and providing a wide variety of services, including population and community health, primary health, specialist and hospital services. 

      Age and sex as determinants of health

      Age and sex are important determinants of the health of individuals. Thus, the age and sex structure of a population has a strong effect on patterns of illness and use of health services.

      The age and sex structure will vary among different regions, for reasons such as young adults moving to cities for study or work and older people retiring to coastal areas.


      A dictionary of epidemiology. Fifth edition. Oxford reference.

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment. Demography.

    • For more information: Demography

      Useful websites

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment at

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 19 March 2019