HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Population by remoteness from service centres

  • Population by remoteness and year
    Year
  • by remoteness, age and year
  • by remoteness and age, trends
Females, Very remote
3Females, Remote
15Females, Outer regional
220Females, Inner regional
737Females, Major cities
2930Males, Very remote
3Males, Remote
16Males, Outer regional
223Males, Inner regional
716Males, Major cities
2877
  • + Source

    Based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated resident populations. Population projections based on data from the NSW Department of Planning and Environment (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Population estimates as at 30 June each year. Components may not add up to the total exactly and population estimates may not be the same as other publications, due to rounding.

    Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated resident populations are based on the 2016 Census; projected populations start from 2018. See Methods for details. 

    * projected population.

  • + Commentary

    The NSW population is predominantly urban. In 2016 approximately 75.0% of the NSW population lived in major cities, 18.7% lived in inner regional areas, and 6.1% in outer regional and remote areas. 

  • + Data Table
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  • + Methods
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  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Demography

      • The estimated residential population of NSW in 2017 was 7,861,068 which was just under one-third of Australia's population. The population of NSW in 2036 is projected to be approximately 9,925,548.

      • In 2017 the female population slightly outnumbered the male population (98.2 males per 100 females) and this gap is predicted to remain similar in 2036 (98.4 males per 100 females).

      • The proportion of females in the population increases with age. In 2017 females made up 50.4% of the total population but 53.3% of the NSW population aged 65 years or more, and 62.4% of the population aged 85 years or more.

      • The NSW population is predominantly urban. In 2016 approximately 75.0% of the NSW population lived in major cities, 18.8% lived in inner regional areas, and 6.2% in outer regional and remote areas.

      • In 2017 approximately 3.0% of the total population in NSW were Aboriginal and were relatively younger overall than the non-Aboriginal population. Of the total Aboriginal population in 2017, 12.1% were aged 0-4 years, compared with 6.6% of the non-Aboriginal population and 0.2% were aged 85 years and over, compared with 2.3% of the non-Aboriginal population . 

    • Introduction: Demography

      Definition

      Demography is the study of populations, especially with reference to size and density, fertility, mortality, growth, age and sex distribution, migration and vital statistics and the interaction of all these with social and economic conditions.

      Understanding population trends informs decision-making in planning, allocating and providing a wide variety of services, including population and community health, primary health, specialist and hospital services. 

      Age and sex as determinants of health

      Age and sex are important determinants of the health of individuals. Thus, the age and sex structure of a population has a strong effect on patterns of illness and use of health services.

      The age and sex structure will vary among different regions, for reasons such as young adults moving to cities for study or work and older people retiring to coastal areas.

      References

      A dictionary of epidemiology. Fifth edition. Oxford reference.  http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195314496.001.0001/acref-9780195314496

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment. Demography. http://www.planning.nsw.gov.au/Research-and-Demography/Demography

    • For more information: Demography

      Useful websites

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment at http://www.planning.nsw.gov.au/Research-and-Demography/Demography

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

    • Key points: Rural and remote populations

      • Across Australia, people living in rural and remote areas generally have worse health than those living in cities.

      • Reasons for this health differential include geographic isolation, socioeconomic disadvantage, shortage of health care providers, lower levels of access to health services, greater exposure to injury risks, and poor health among Aboriginal people who comprise a significant proportion of the population in rural and remote areas.

      • The population of NSW is highly urbanised. Around 0.5% of the total population lived in areas classified as Remote or Very remote in 2015.

      • In 2015 just under 39,000 residents in NSW lived in Remote or Very remote areas of the state.

      • Compared with people who live in Major cities, and based on death data up to 2013 and hospitalisations data up to 2014-15, people who live in Remote or Very remote areas:

      • are more likely to die prematurely, and from causes classified as ‘potentially avoidable’

      • are more likely to be hospitalised for conditions for which hospitalisation can be avoided through prevention and early management

      • are more likely to be overweight and obese

      • are more likely to die in motor vehicle crashes

      • are more likely to be hospitalised for heart disease.

    • Introduction: Rural and remote populations

      Definitions

      The Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) defines five categories of remoteness based on the distance travelled by road to a major service centre. The service centres are defined by population size and the cut-offs for each category are reviewed following each five-yearly Census of Population and Housing. The remoteness categories are: Major cities, Inner regional, Outer regional, Remote and Very remote areas. The term rural and remote is used when referring generally to all areas outside of Major cities.

      Demography

      The population of NSW is highly urbanised. In 2015, just under 26% of the total population lived in rural and remote areas of NSW and an estimated 0.5% of the population lived in areas classified as Remote or Very remote, according to the ASGS categories. The ASGS categories and ARIA classification are discussed further under the Methods tab.

      Aboriginal people make up an increasing proportion of the population with increasing remoteness, and comprise over 40% of the population of Very remote areas and just under a quarter of residents in Remote and Very remote areas combined. However, less than 5% of the total Aboriginal population in NSW live in Remote or Very remote areas, with almost 45% living in Major cities in NSW.

      Burden of disease

      Across Australia, people living in rural and remote areas have worse health generally than those living in metropolitan areas. Numerous factors contribute to this differential but many originate in geographic isolation and include socioeconomic disadvantage, shortage of health care providers, lower levels of access to health services and greater exposure to injury risks. The main factor, however, is poorer health among Aboriginal people who comprise a significant proportion of the population in rural and remote areas.

    • Interventions: Rural and remote populations

      NSW Health Rural Health Plan: Towards 2021

      The NSW Rural Health Plan: Towards 2021, launched on 7 November 2014, aims to strengthen the capacity of NSW rural health services to provide connected and seamless care. The Plan builds on the significant achievements made to date in rural health services, aiming to provide world class care as close to home as possible for people living in rural NSW.

    • For more information: Rural and remote populations

      Useful websites

      Rural health at the NSW Ministry of Health website http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/rural/Pages/default.aspx

      Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) Remoteness Structure. Australian Bureau of Statistics, ABS cat no. 1270.0.55.005, Canberra. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/1270.0.55.005?OpenDocument

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      Healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au/

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 19 June 2018