HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Population by Aboriginality

Non-Aboriginal, Females, 85+
1.5Non-Aboriginal, Males, 85+
0.8Non-Aboriginal, Females, 80-84
1.5Non-Aboriginal, Males, 80-84
1.1Non-Aboriginal, Females, 75-79
1.8Non-Aboriginal, Males, 75-79
1.5Non-Aboriginal, Females, 70-74
2.1Non-Aboriginal, Males, 70-74
2.1Non-Aboriginal, Females, 65-69
2.7Non-Aboriginal, Males, 65-69
2.7Non-Aboriginal, Females, 60-64
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Males, 60-64
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Females, 55-59
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Males, 55-59
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Females, 50-54
3.5Non-Aboriginal, Males, 50-54
3.5Non-Aboriginal, Females, 45-49
3.4Non-Aboriginal, Males, 45-49
3.4Non-Aboriginal, Females, 40-44
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Males, 40-44
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Females, 35-39
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Males, 35-39
3.1Non-Aboriginal, Females, 30-34
2.8Non-Aboriginal, Males, 30-34
2.8Non-Aboriginal, Females, 25-29
2.9Non-Aboriginal, Males, 25-29
3Non-Aboriginal, Females, 20-24
3.1Non-Aboriginal, Males, 20-24
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Females, 15-19
3.1Non-Aboriginal, Males, 15-19
3.3Non-Aboriginal, Females, 10-14
3Non-Aboriginal, Males, 10-14
3.2Non-Aboriginal, Females, 5-9
2.9Non-Aboriginal, Males, 5-9
3.1Non-Aboriginal, Females, 0-4
2.9Non-Aboriginal, Males, 0-4
3.1Aboriginal, Males, 85+
0.1Aboriginal, Females, 85+
0.1Aboriginal, Males, 80-84
0.1Aboriginal, Females, 80-84
0.2Aboriginal, Males, 75-79
0.3Aboriginal, Females, 75-79
0.3Aboriginal, Males, 70-74
0.5Aboriginal, Females, 70-74
0.5Aboriginal, Males, 65-69
0.8Aboriginal, Females, 65-69
0.9Aboriginal, Males, 60-64
1.2Aboriginal, Females, 60-64
1.2Aboriginal, Males, 55-59
1.6Aboriginal, Females, 55-59
1.7Aboriginal, Males, 50-54
2.3Aboriginal, Females, 50-54
2.4Aboriginal, Males, 45-49
2.4Aboriginal, Females, 45-49
2.7Aboriginal, Males, 40-44
2.7Aboriginal, Females, 40-44
3.1Aboriginal, Males, 35-39
2.8Aboriginal, Females, 35-39
3Aboriginal, Males, 30-34
2.6Aboriginal, Females, 30-34
2.7Aboriginal, Males, 25-29
3.3Aboriginal, Females, 25-29
3.3Aboriginal, Males, 20-24
4.2Aboriginal, Females, 20-24
4.2Aboriginal, Males, 15-19
5.9Aboriginal, Females, 15-19
5.6Aboriginal, Males, 10-14
6.1Aboriginal, Females, 10-14
6Aboriginal, Males, 5-9
6.2Aboriginal, Females, 5-9
6.1Aboriginal, Males, 0-4
6.6Aboriginal, Females, 0-4
  • + Source

    Based on population estimates developed by Prometheus Information Pty Ltd (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    Population estimates as at 30 June each year. Components may not add up to the total exactly and population estimates may not be the same as other publications, due to rounding.

    Substate population estimates for 2011 and projections to 2015 at the Statistical Areas Level 2 (SA2) were developed by Prometheus Information Pty Ltd under contract from the The Commonwealth Department of Health, through the Indigenous and Rural Health Division (IRHD). The Public Health Information Development Unit (PHIDU), a unit funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health is distributing the estimates on their behalf.

    Substate population estimates for 2006 - 2010 were developed by Prometheus Information Pty Ltd under contract from the the NSW Ministry of Health. These estimates were generated using similar methods as to those used for the 2011 to 2015 estimates, with the exception that the sub-state information available for interpolation was less detailed.

    * projected population.

  • + Commentary

    In the general population, a population pyramid consists of two back-to-back bar graphs, one showing the number of males and one showing the number of females in a particular population in five-year age groups to provide an overall picture of the age and sex structure in a population (see Methods for further detail). Differences between the stucture of the general population and a smaller population sub-group such as Aboriginal peoples (comprising just over 2% of the total poulation in NSW), are best shown by comparing the proportion of each population for each 5-year age group.

    The shape of a pyramid quickly communicates the details of the population. Population pyramids that are triangular (broad at the base and narrow rapidly towards the top) indicate a large number of children and a small number of older people, which implies a high fertility rate, high death rate, and short life expectancy. A more rectangular shape reflects lower death rates, with most of the population living to old age. Changes in the shape of a population pyramid over time reflect the changing composition of the population, associated with changes in fertility, mortality and migration at each age.

    Compared with the non-Aboriginal population of NSW, the Aboriginal population pyramid is more triangular in shape, indicating higher fertility and death rates and shorter life expectancy among Aboriginal peoples in NSW. The Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal trends for each age group show the higher proportion across time for younger age groups in the Aboriginal population up until those aged in their twenties when the proportion of people in each age group is lower in the Aboriginal compared with the non-Aboriginal population, indicative of higher death rates. The trends for some age groups in the Aboriginal population, such as those aged 25-29 and 30-34 years have shown some improvement over time.

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  • + Methods
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  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Demography

      • The estimated residential population of NSW in 2017 was 7,861,068 which was just under one-third of Australia's population. The population of NSW in 2036 is projected to be approximately 9,925,548.

      • In 2017 the female population slightly outnumbered the male population (98.2 males per 100 females) and this gap is predicted to remain similar in 2036 (98.4 males per 100 females).

      • The proportion of females in the population increases with age. In 2017 females made up 50.4% of the total population but 53.3% of the NSW population aged 65 years or more, and 62.4% of the population aged 85 years or more.

      • The NSW population is predominantly urban. In 2016 approximately 75.0% of the NSW population lived in major cities, 18.8% lived in inner regional areas, and 6.2% in outer regional and remote areas.

      • In 2017 approximately 3.0% of the total population in NSW were Aboriginal and were relatively younger overall than the non-Aboriginal population. Of the total Aboriginal population in 2017, 12.1% were aged 0-4 years, compared with 6.6% of the non-Aboriginal population and 0.2% were aged 85 years and over, compared with 2.3% of the non-Aboriginal population . 

    • Introduction: Demography


      Demography is the study of populations, especially with reference to size and density, fertility, mortality, growth, age and sex distribution, migration and vital statistics and the interaction of all these with social and economic conditions.

      Understanding population trends informs decision-making in planning, allocating and providing a wide variety of services, including population and community health, primary health, specialist and hospital services. 

      Age and sex as determinants of health

      Age and sex are important determinants of the health of individuals. Thus, the age and sex structure of a population has a strong effect on patterns of illness and use of health services.

      The age and sex structure will vary among different regions, for reasons such as young adults moving to cities for study or work and older people retiring to coastal areas.


      A dictionary of epidemiology. Fifth edition. Oxford reference.

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment. Demography.

    • For more information: Demography

      Useful websites

      NSW Department of Planning and Environment at

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 8 May 2018