HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Injury and poisoning deaths by leading cause

Females, Complications of care
2.2Females, Threats to breathing (unintentional)
2.4Females, Drowning
1.1Females, Interpersonal violence
1.7Females, Other injury/poisoning
2.6Females, Motor vehicle transport
9Females, Exposure to unspecified factor
22.3Females, Poisoning (unintentional)
12.5Females, Fall
26.7Females, Suicide
18Females, Complications of care
2.2Females, Threats to breathing (unintentional)
2.4Females, Drowning
1.1Females, Interpersonal violence
1.7Females, Other injury/poisoning
2.6Females, Motor vehicle transport
9Females, Exposure to unspecified factor
22.3Females, Poisoning (unintentional)
12.5Females, Fall
26.7Females, Suicide
18Males, Complications of care
1.3Males, Threats to breathing (unintentional)
1.7Males, Drowning
2.6Males, Interpersonal violence
2.3Males, Other injury/poisoning
4Males, Motor vehicle transport
13.5Males, Exposure to unspecified factor
9.3Males, Poisoning (unintentional)
15.3Males, Fall
14.8Males, Suicide
32.9Males, Complications of care
1.3Males, Threats to breathing (unintentional)
1.7Males, Drowning
2.6Males, Interpersonal violence
2.3Males, Other injury/poisoning
4Males, Motor vehicle transport
13.5Males, Exposure to unspecified factor
9.3Males, Poisoning (unintentional)
15.3Males, Fall
14.8Males, Suicide
32.9
  • + Source

    Mortality estimates for years up to 2005 are based on Australian Bureau of Statistics death registration data. Data from 2006 onwards were provided by the Australian Coordinating Registry, Cause of Death Unit Record File; the data for the most 2 recent years are preliminary (SAPHaRI, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health)

  • + Notes

    Categories of injury were classified using the underlying cause of death. Please see the Methods tab for an explanation of "Exposure to unspecified factor".

    Only NSW residents are included. Deaths were classified using ICD-10. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Counts of deaths for the latest years of data include an estimate of the number of deaths occurring in that year but registered in the next year. Data on late registrations were unavailable at the time of production.

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate.

  • + Commentary

    In NSW in 2017-2018, deaths from injury and poisoning were the fifth leading cause of death, at 6%. In 2014-2018, the leading identifiable causes of death from injury and poisoning were suicide (27.5%), falls (19.1%), poisoning (14.3%), and motor vehicle transport (11.8%).

    Death from 'exposure to an unspecified factor' was also one of the leading causes of death from injury or poisoning (14%). A discussion of this cause of death can be found in the Methods tab.  

    The major causes of injury and poisoning death varied by age group. In 2014-2018, the leading causes of death from injury and poisoning in the 0-14 year age group were motor vehicle crashes (30%) and drowning (17%). Suicide was the leading cause of death in both the 15-44 year (43.9%) and 45-64 year age groups (39.5%). Motor vehicle crashes and unintentional poisonings were also important in these age groups. Falls (38.7%) were the main contributor to deaths from injury and poisoning in persons aged 65 years and over.

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Injury death by category

       

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; CM - Clinical Modification; AM - Australian Modification

       

      DescriptionICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Air transport injury V95-V97

      This indicator uses underlying cause of death only.

      All records are included for NSW residents only

      Burns and scalds X00-X19
      Complications of care injury Y40-Y84, Y88
      Cutting or piercing injury (unintentional) W25-W29,W45
      Drowning W65-W74, V90, V92
      Exposure to unspecified factors injury X59
      Falls W00-W19
      Firearm injury (unintentional) W32-W34
      Interpersonal violence X85-Y09, Y87.1
      Machinery injury W24, W30. W31
      Motor vehicle crash injury V02-V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12-V14, V19.0-V19.6,V20-V79, V80.3-V80.5, V81.0, V81.1, V82.0, V82.1, V83,V84-V86,V87.0-V87.5,V87.7-V87.8, V88.0-V88.5,V88.7-V88.8, V89.0, V89.2,Y85
      Natural/environmental factors injury W42-43, W53-64, W92-99, X20-X39, X51-57
      Overexertion/repetitive movement injury X50
      Poisoning (unintentional) X40-X49
      Rail transport injury V05, V15, V80.6, V81.2-V81.9
      Struck by/against injury W20-W22, W50-W52
      Suicide/Self harm X60-X84, Y87.0
      Threats to breathing injury (unintentional) W75-W84
      Water transport injury V91, V93, V94
      Other injuries All remaining codes within V00-X99, Y00-Y39, Y85-Y87, Y89

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Injury and poisoning

      • There were around 3,000 injury-related deaths in 2017 and 188,103 injury-related hospitalisations in 2018-19 in NSW.

      • Injury and poisoning is the leading cause of death among people aged 5 to 44 years.

      • Males have much higher rates of death and hospitalisation than females for all major injury causes, except for falls among older people.

      • The rate of hospitalisation for injury and poisoning in Aboriginal people was 1.7 times that of non-Aboriginal people in NSW in 2018-19.

      • Rates of death and hospitalisation from injury and poisoning are higher in remote and regional areas than in metropolitan areas.

    • Introduction: Injury and poisoning

      Definition and classification systems

      Injury can be described by the single or multiple body regions which are affected by the injury, by the type of injury itself or by an agency which caused the injury.

      Examples of the injuries described by body regions are: injuries to the head, injuries to the hip and thigh or injuries involving multiple body regions.

      Types of injury are: superficial injury (such as abrasion, contusion, insect bite), open wound (animal bite, cut, laceration, puncture wound), fracture (closed or open, which refers to the surface of skin), dislocation, sprain or strain, injury to nerves and spinal cord, injury to blood vessels, injury to muscles, fascia and tendon, crushing injury, traumatic amputation, injury to internal organs.

      Examples of environmental events and circumstances causing injury, poisoning or other adverse events are: transport accidents, falls, exposure to electrical current, exposure to forces of nature, assaults, intentional self-harm, complications of medical and surgical care. This classification of injury and poisoning is the most important in prevention planning. These events are also known as 'external causes' of the injury.

      Injury and poisoning burden of disease in Australia

      Injury has a major, but often preventable, influence on Australia’s health. It affects Australians of all ages and is the greatest cause of death in the first half of life. It leaves many with serious disability or long-term conditions. Injury was estimated to account for 8.5% of the burden of disease in 2015.

      For each person who dies of injuries there are several thousand individuals who survive and are left with permanent disabilities. Hospitalisation data provide an indication of the incidence of the more severe injuries.

    • Interventions: Injury and poisoning

      Injury prevention involves the collaboration of governments, the private sector and communities in order to create safer environments and cultures.

      Effective injury prevention strategies have been developed for a wide range of potential causes of injury. For example, balance and strength training is effective in reducing falls in older people, fencing around private swimming pools has reduced childhood drownings, and seat-belt and drinking-driving legislation together with measures relating to vehicle and road design have greatly increased road safety.

    • For more information: Injury and poisoning

      Useful websites include:

      New South Wales Injury Risk Management Research Centre at http://www.irmrc.unsw.edu.au

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      WorkCover NSW at http: www.workcover.nsw.gov.au

      Youthsafe at http://www.youthsafe.org

      Kidsafe NSW at http://www.kidsafensw.org

      Sportsafe at http://www.sma.org.au

      Water Safety at http://www.watersafety.nsw.gov.au/

      NSW Falls Prevention Network at http://fallsnetwork.neura.edu.au/

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

      NSW Falls Prevention Program: NSW Clinical Excellence Commission: http://www.cec.health.nsw.gov.au/patient-safety-programs/adult-patient-safety/falls-prevention

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 21 July 2020