HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
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Type of birth (vaginal, caesarean, forceps etc) in first time mothers

  • NSW, by year
  • NSW, trends
  • by hospital and year
  • by hospital, trends
  • by Local Health District of hospital and year
  • by Local Health District of hospital, trends
  • by Local Health District of hospital, comparisons
  • by hospital in Local Health District and year
  • by hospital in Peer Group and year
  • by hospital sector and year
  • by hospital sector, trends
1.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2018
50.61.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2017
52.31.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2016
55.61.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2015
471.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2014
391.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2013
68.21.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2012
59.31.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2011
48.21.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2010
62.21.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2009
801.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth, 2008
60.21.2 Induction of labour, 2018
38.61.2 Induction of labour, 2017
35.21.2 Induction of labour, 2016
251.2 Induction of labour, 2015
241.2 Induction of labour, 2014
25.61.2 Induction of labour, 2013
18.21.2 Induction of labour, 2012
311.2 Induction of labour, 2011
31.31.2 Induction of labour, 2010
32.41.2 Induction of labour, 2009
251.2 Induction of labour, 2008
26.91.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2018
18.11.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2017
20.51.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2016
12.51.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2015
151.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2014
25.61.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2013
12.11.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2012
14.21.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2011
22.91.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2010
20.31.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2009
8.31.3 Instrumental vaginal birth, 2008
16.11.4 Caesarean section, 2018
31.31.4 Caesarean section, 2017
27.31.4 Caesarean section, 2016
31.91.4 Caesarean section, 2015
381.4 Caesarean section, 2014
35.41.4 Caesarean section, 2013
19.71.4 Caesarean section, 2012
26.51.4 Caesarean section, 2011
28.91.4 Caesarean section, 2010
17.61.4 Caesarean section, 2009
11.71.4 Caesarean section, 2008
  • + Source

    NSW Perinatal Data Collection (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes


    1.1 Spontaneous vaginal birth: The number of selected primipara who have a spontaneous vaginal birth as a percentage of the total number of selected primipara who give birth. Spontaneous vaginal birth is defined as a vaginal birth (regardless of onset of labour) that is not assited by forceps or vacuum and is not a vaginal breech delivery.

    1.2 Induction of labour: The number of selected primipara who undergo induction of labour as a percentage of the total number of selected primipara who give birth.

    1.3 Instrumental vaginal birth: The number of selected primipara who undergo an instrumental vaginal birth as a percentage of the total number of selected primipara who give birth.

    1.4 Caesarean section: The number of selected primipara undergoing caesarean section birth as a percentage of the total number of selected primipara who give birth.

    Selected primipara is a woman 20-34 years of age at the time of giving birth, giving birth for the first time at greater than 20 weeks gestation; singleton pregnancy; cephalic presentation; and at 37 to 40 completed weeks gestation.

    Hospitals with at least 200 births in the current year are identified individually.

    Data include all mothers who gave birth (stillbirth or live birth) in a NSW facility (or a home) regardless of place of permanent residence.

    The number of ‘not stated’ cases varied by geographic area and year. This may reduce the reliability of the estimates in the instances where ‘not stated’ cases are a large proportion.

    Types add up to more than 100% because induction of labour can precede an instrumental vaginal birth and a birth by caesarian section.

    This is a clinical indicator definied in: Australian Council of Healthcare Standards. Obstetrics Indicators Users' Manual 2017. Obstetrics version 8. Sydney: ACHS, 2017.

    Clinical indicators 1.1-1.4: Outcome of selected primipara.

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: NSW Perinatal Data Collection

      The current data collection form for the NSW Perinatal Data Collection (PDC) commenced in 2016. Codes are described in the NSW Perinatal Data Collection Manual - 2016 Edition, which is available on the internet at

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Pregnancy and the newborn period

      Recent trends

      In 2019 there were 95,133 births to 93,758 mothers in NSW, a decrease of 1.3% from 96,391 births in 2015. The percentage of multiple (twin and triplet) pregnancies has remained fairly stable over recent years at about 1.4%.

      Between 2015 and 2019:

      • The proportion of mothers who were teenagers continued to fall, from 2.5% to 1.7%.

      • The proportion of births to mothers over 35 years of age has increased slightly from 23.4% to 25.9%.

      • The rate of low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams) has remained stable, ranging from 6.4% to 6.8%.

      • The perinatal mortality rate was 8.0 per 1,000 births in 2019, decreased from 8.2 per 1,000 births in 2015.

      Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers and babies

      Between 2015 and 2019:

      • The number of reported births to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers increased from 3,872 to 4,479, representing 4.0% and 4.7% respectively of all babies born in NSW.

      • The percentage of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers who were teenagers fell substantially from 15.4% to 10.5%.

      • The perinatal mortality rate of 10.3 per 1,000 births in Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers in 2019 is higher than the rate of 7.9 per 1,000 births experienced among babies born to non-Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers.

      • The percentage of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers who commenced antenatal care before 14 weeks increased from 55.6% to 75.3%.

    • Introduction: Pregnancy and the newborn period


      The health of Australian mothers and babies is generally good by world standards. Maternal deaths are rare, and perinatal mortality rates are low.

      The average woman in NSW can currently expect to give birth to 1.9 babies in her lifetime.

      NSW mothers are getting older with the mean maternal age at first birth around 29 years and at subsequent birth just over 30. The proportion of teenage mothers is declining.

      Burden of disease and social and economic disadvantage 

      Aboriginal mothers and babies, those from socioeconomically disadvantaged areas, and some overseas-born mothers and their babies continue to experience worse outcomes than other NSW mothers and babies.

    • Interventions: Pregnancy and the newborn period

      The NSW Ministry of Health maintains two population-based surveillance systems that collect information concerning pregnancy and birth: the NSW Perinatal Data Collection and the NSW Register of Congenital Conditions. They assist in monitoring the health of mothers and babies, and maternity service planning in NSW.

      The implementation of the NSW Aboriginal Maternal and Infant Health Strategy has improved access to culturally appropriate maternity services for Aboriginal mothers.

      The NSW Maternal and Perinatal Mortality Review Committee reviews each death of a mother or newborn baby to assess the cause and identify any possible avoidable factors. This information is used to improve services for mothers and babies.

    • For more information: Pregnancy and the newborn period

      Useful websites

      NSW Ministry of Health at, in particular see the annual New South Wales Mothers and Babies report, published by the Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence. The latest edition is available at

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at, in particular see Births (ABS Cat no 3301.0)

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at in general and in particular the AIHW's National Perinatal Statistics Unit and the annual publication: Australia’s mothers and babies.

      healthdirect at

      Population and Public Health Division. Improved reporting of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples on population datasets in New South Wales using record linkage–a feasibility study. Sydney: NSW Ministry of Health, 2012. Available at:

      Australian Council on Healthcare Standards. Obstetrics Indicator User Manual. Sydney: ACHS. Available at:

Last Updated At: Wednesday, 16 September 2020