HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Suicide

Males, 2016
15.8Males, 2015
16.4Males, 2014
16.5Males, 2013
13.8Males, 2012
15.3Males, 2011
13.1Males, 2010
14.3Males, 2009
13.5Males, 2008
13.5Males, 2007
13.7Males, 2006
13.7Males, 2005
13.6Males, 2004
13.9Males, 2003
15Males, 2002
16.8Males, 2001
19.5Males, 2000
18.9Males, 1999
22Males, 1998
21.9Males, 1997
23.8Males, 1996
21.8Males, 1995
19.2Males, 1994
22.3Males, 1993
18.3Males, 1992
20.8Males, 1991
20.4Males, 1990
19.4Males, 1989
20Males, 1988
19.6Females, 2016
4.7Females, 2015
5.4Females, 2014
5.3Females, 2013
5Females, 2012
5.5Females, 2011
4.1Females, 2010
4.2Females, 2009
4.4Females, 2008
4Females, 2007
4.3Females, 2006
3.4Females, 2005
3.3Females, 2004
3.6Females, 2003
3.9Females, 2002
4.1Females, 2001
5Females, 2000
4.4Females, 1999
5.4Females, 1998
4.9Females, 1997
7Females, 1996
5.2Females, 1995
5.7Females, 1994
4.7Females, 1993
4.8Females, 1992
4.7Females, 1991
5.7Females, 1990
5.2Females, 1989
4.9Females, 1988
5.4
  • + Source

    Mortality estimates for years up to 2005 are based on Australian Bureau of Statistics death registration data. Data from 2006 onwards were provided by the Australian Coordinating Registry, Cause of Death Unit Record File; the data for the most 2 recent years are preliminary (SAPHaRI, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health)

  • + Notes

    Comprises any intentional self-harm with fatal result. 

    Only NSW residents are included. Deaths were classified using ICD-10 from 1997 onwards. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Numbers for the latest year of data include an estimate of the small numbers of deaths that were registered in the subsequent year, data for which were unavailable at the time of production.

  • + Commentary

    In NSW in 2017, the death rate from suicide was 10.8 per 100,000 population, 17.1 deaths per 100,000 in males and 4.7 in females. The death rate from suicide has decreased from the high rates recorded in 1997 of 15.2 per 100,000 population (23.8 deaths per 100,000 population in males and 7.0 in females). The suicide death rate was particularly high in persons aged 25-34 years in 1997, at 24.3 deaths per 100,000.

    The substantial decrease in the rate between 1997 and 2005 should be treated with caution. It may be, at least partially, a result of the way the ABS had been coding death records in the years leading to 2006, resulting in undercounting of death records classified as suicide. Further discussion can be found in the Methods tab.

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Intentional self harm: suicide and self-inflicted injury or poisoning

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; CM - Clinical Modification; AM - Australian Modification

      DescriptionICD-9 & ICD-9-CMICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Suicide / Self harm E950-E959 X60-X84, Y87.0 All records are included except those involving rehabilitation, NSW residents only, all ages.

      Episodes that are entirely within an emergency department are excluded.

      Suicide comprises any self-harm with fatal result in this report and it refers to death records labelled: Suicide and self-inflicted injury in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 9 revision (ICD-9) (WHO 1968) and Intentional self-harm in the ICD-10 (WHO 1992).

      Intentional self harm includes suicide (attempted) and purposely self-inflicted poisoning or injury (WHO 1992).

      World Health Organisation. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 9th revision (ICD-9). Geneva: WHO, 1968.

      World Health Organization. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision (ICD-10). Geneva: WHO, 1992.

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Mental health

      Latest available information

      Latest available data for adults in NSW

      • 15.1% of adults aged 16 years and over (12.9% of men and 17.3% of women) experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress, as estimated from the 2017 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI). 

      • 11.0% of adults aged 18 years and over (9.0% of males and 12.5% of females) in NSW experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress, as estimated from the 2014-15 Australian Health Survey (interviewer-administered questionnaire).

      • Overall suicide rates dropped in NSW between 1997 and 2007 but has increased since this time. In 2017, 868 people died by suicide and males accounted for around 77.6% of these deaths.

      • In 2017-18, there were 7,236 hospitalisations of NSW residents for intentional self-harm. Females accounted for 63% of these hospitalisations.

      • In 2017, 14.0% of secondary school students reported high levels of psychological distress in the previous six months (9.7% of males and 18.2% of females). The proportion of students reporting high levels of psychological distress has remained stable over the last 3 years (2014 to 2017).

      • Generally, a lower proportion of elderly adults have high levels of psychological distress than the overall adult population in NSW.

      • The least socioeconomically disadvantaged adults had lower levels of psychological distress than the overall adult population in NSW.

      • The proportion of adults reporting high and very high levels of psychological distress has remained fairly stable over the last decade.

    • Introduction: Mental health

      Definitions

      Mental health disorders relate to behaviours and conditions which interfere with social functioning and capacity to negotiate daily life. Mental problems are also associated with higher rates of health risk factors, poorer physical health, and higher rates of deaths from many causes including suicide.

      The classification of mental and behavioural disorders is difficult and warrants close attention to the types of disorders and syndromes which are included and excluded when comparing results from different sources. Further discussion of this issue is contained in the Methods tab.

      Burden of disease of mental conditions in Australia

      Mental ill health is one of the leading causes of non-fatal burden of disease and injury in Australia. Mental ill health was estimated to account for 12% of the disease burden in Australia in 2015, with anxiety and depression, alcohol abuse and personality disorders accounting for almost three-quarters of this burden. Only 2.5% of the burden from mental disorders is due to mortality, most of which is accounted for by fatal outcomes associated with substance abuse (AIHW 2019).

      References

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019. Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 19. BOD 22. Canberra: AIHW. Available at: https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/c076f42f-61ea-4348-9c0a-d996353e838f/aihw-bod-22.pdf.aspx?inline=true

    • Interventions: Mental health

      NSW has a range of mental health programs covering early intervention, prevention and promotion initiatives in place across the age spectrum. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/mentalhealth/Pages/default.aspx

    • For more information: Mental health

      Useful websites

      NSW Health at http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/mentalhealth/Pages/default.aspx

      Beyondblue at http://www.beyondblue.org.au

      Black Dog Institute at http://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au

      WayAhead: Mental Health Association NSW at https://wayahead.org.au

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 1 October 2019