HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Suicide

1st Quintile least disadvantaged, 2017
8.51st Quintile least disadvantaged, 2016
6.61st Quintile least disadvantaged, 2015
7.91st Quintile least disadvantaged, 2014
9.31st Quintile least disadvantaged, 2013
71st Quintile least disadvantaged, 2012
7.81st Quintile least disadvantaged, 2011
6.12nd Quintile, 2017
10.62nd Quintile, 2016
92nd Quintile, 2015
102nd Quintile, 2014
10.32nd Quintile, 2013
8.82nd Quintile, 2012
9.32nd Quintile, 2011
7.63rd Quintile, 2017
10.33rd Quintile, 2016
11.13rd Quintile, 2015
12.73rd Quintile, 2014
9.43rd Quintile, 2013
9.73rd Quintile, 2012
11.23rd Quintile, 2011
9.64th Quintile, 2017
15.54th Quintile, 2016
13.24th Quintile, 2015
13.34th Quintile, 2014
12.84th Quintile, 2013
11.44th Quintile, 2012
134th Quintile, 2011
9.95th Quintile most disadvantaged, 2017
13.95th Quintile most disadvantaged, 2016
12.25th Quintile most disadvantaged, 2015
11.45th Quintile most disadvantaged, 2014
12.15th Quintile most disadvantaged, 2013
9.45th Quintile most disadvantaged, 2012
10.65th Quintile most disadvantaged, 2011
9.2Total, 2017
11.7Total, 2016
10.3Total, 2015
11Total, 2014
10.8Total, 2013
9.3Total, 2012
10.3Total, 2011
8.5
  • + Source

    Mortality estimates for years up to 2005 are based on Australian Bureau of Statistics death registration data. Data from 2006 onwards were provided by the Australian Coordinating Registry, Cause of Death Unit Record File; the data for the most 2 recent years are preliminary (SAPHaRI, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health)

  • + Notes

    Comprises any intentional self-harm with fatal result.

    Only NSW residents are included. Deaths were classified using ICD-10 from 1997 onwards. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Counts of deaths for the latest year of data include an estimate of the number of deaths occurring in that year but registered in the next year.

    Quintiles of socioeconomic status (Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage) based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas were allocated based on Statistical Local Area of residence (before 2009-10) or Statistical Area Level 2 of residence (2009-10 and after).

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate.

  • + Data Table
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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Intentional self harm: suicide

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; CM - Clinical Modification; AM - Australian Modification

      DescriptionICD-9 & ICD-9-CMICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Suicide E950-E959 X60-X84, Y87.0

      This indicator uses underlying cause of death only.

      All records are included for NSW residents only.

      Suicide comprises any self-harm with fatal result in this report and it refers to death records labelled: Suicide and self-inflicted injury in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 9 revision (ICD-9) (WHO 1968) and Intentional self-harm in the ICD-10 (WHO 1992).

      Intentional self harm includes suicide (attempted) and purposely self-inflicted poisoning or injury (WHO 1992).

      World Health Organisation. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 9th revision (ICD-9). Geneva: WHO, 1968.

      World Health Organization. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision (ICD-10). Geneva: WHO, 1992.

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Mental health

      Latest available information

      Latest available data for adults in NSW

      • 17.7% of adults aged 16 years and over (15.7% of men and 19.5% of women) experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress, as estimated from the 2019 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI). 

      • 12.8% of adults aged 18 years and over (11.8% of males and 13.8% of females) in NSW experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress, as estimated from the 2017-18 Australian Health Survey (interviewer-administered questionnaire).

      • Overall suicide rates dropped in NSW between 1997 and 2007 but have increased since this time. In 2017, 868 people died by suicide and males accounted for around 77.6% of these deaths.

      • In 2018-19, there were 7,018 hospitalisations of NSW residents for intentional self-harm. Females accounted for 62% of these hospitalisations.

      • In 2017, 14.0% of secondary school students reported high levels of psychological distress in the previous six months (9.7% of males and 18.2% of females). The proportion of students reporting high levels of psychological distress has remained stable over the last 3 years (2014 to 2017).

      • Generally, a lower proportion of elderly adults have high levels of psychological distress than the overall adult population in NSW.

      • The least socioeconomically disadvantaged adults had lower levels of psychological distress than the overall adult population in NSW.

      • The proportion of adults reporting high and very high levels of psychological distress has remained fairly stable over the last decade.

    • Introduction: Mental health

      Definitions

      Mental health disorders relate to behaviours and conditions which interfere with social functioning and capacity to negotiate daily life. Mental problems are also associated with higher rates of health risk factors, poorer physical health, and higher rates of deaths from many causes including suicide.

      The classification of mental and behavioural disorders is difficult and warrants close attention to the types of disorders and syndromes which are included and excluded when comparing results from different sources. Further discussion of this issue is contained in the Methods tab.

      Burden of disease of mental conditions in Australia

      Mental ill health is one of the leading causes of non-fatal burden of disease and injury in Australia. Mental ill health was estimated to account for 12% of the disease burden in Australia in 2015, with anxiety and depression, alcohol abuse and personality disorders accounting for almost three-quarters of this burden. Only 2.5% of the burden from mental disorders is due to mortality, most of which is accounted for by fatal outcomes associated with substance abuse (AIHW 2019).

      References

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019. Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 19. BOD 22. Canberra: AIHW. Available at: https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/c076f42f-61ea-4348-9c0a-d996353e838f/aihw-bod-22.pdf.aspx?inline=true

    • Interventions: Mental health

      NSW has a range of mental health programs covering early intervention, prevention and promotion initiatives in place across the age spectrum. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/mentalhealth/Pages/default.aspx

    • For more information: Mental health

      Useful websites

      NSW Health at http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/mentalhealth/Pages/default.aspx

      Beyondblue at http://www.beyondblue.org.au

      Black Dog Institute at http://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au

      WayAhead: Mental Health Association NSW at https://wayahead.org.au

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 11 August 2020