HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Suicide by method

  • NSW, trend
  • NSW by year
  • NSW, area trend
Poisoning, 2015-2017
2.1Poisoning, 2014-2016
2.1Poisoning, 2013-2015
2.1Poisoning, 2012-2014
2.3Poisoning, 2011-2013
2.3Poisoning, 2010-2012
2.3Poisoning, 2009-2011
2.1Poisoning, 2008-2010
2.1Poisoning, 2007-2009
2.2Poisoning, 2006-2008
2.1Poisoning, 2005-2007
2Poisoning, 2004-2006
2.1Poisoning, 2003-2005
2.3Poisoning, 2002-2004
2.5Poisoning, 2001-2003
3Poisoning, 2000-2002
3.3Poisoning, 1999-2001
3.7Poisoning, 1998-2000
4Hanging, 2015-2017
6.1Hanging, 2014-2016
5.8Hanging, 2013-2015
5.6Hanging, 2012-2014
5.2Hanging, 2011-2013
4.6Hanging, 2010-2012
4.6Hanging, 2009-2011
4.4Hanging, 2008-2010
4.5Hanging, 2007-2009
4.4Hanging, 2006-2008
4.3Hanging, 2005-2007
4.3Hanging, 2004-2006
4.2Hanging, 2003-2005
4.3Hanging, 2002-2004
4.5Hanging, 2001-2003
4.8Hanging, 2000-2002
5Hanging, 1999-2001
5.3Hanging, 1998-2000
5.7Drowning/submersion, 2015-2017
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2014-2016
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2013-2015
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2012-2014
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2011-2013
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2010-2012
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2009-2011
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2008-2010
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2007-2009
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2006-2008
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2005-2007
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2004-2006
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2003-2005
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2002-2004
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2001-2003
0.2Drowning/submersion, 2000-2002
0.2Drowning/submersion, 1999-2001
0.3Drowning/submersion, 1998-2000
0.3Firearms, 2015-2017
0.7Firearms, 2014-2016
0.7Firearms, 2013-2015
0.7Firearms, 2012-2014
0.6Firearms, 2011-2013
0.6Firearms, 2010-2012
0.5Firearms, 2009-2011
0.5Firearms, 2008-2010
0.5Firearms, 2007-2009
0.6Firearms, 2006-2008
0.6Firearms, 2005-2007
0.6Firearms, 2004-2006
0.6Firearms, 2003-2005
0.6Firearms, 2002-2004
0.8Firearms, 2001-2003
1Firearms, 2000-2002
1.1Firearms, 1999-2001
1.2Firearms, 1998-2000
1.1Contact with sharp object, 2015-2017
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2014-2016
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2013-2015
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2012-2014
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2011-2013
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2010-2012
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2009-2011
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2008-2010
0.2Contact with sharp object, 2007-2009
0.2Contact with sharp object, 2006-2008
0.2Contact with sharp object, 2005-2007
0.2Contact with sharp object, 2004-2006
0.2Contact with sharp object, 2003-2005
0.2Contact with sharp object, 2002-2004
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2001-2003
0.3Contact with sharp object, 2000-2002
0.3Contact with sharp object, 1999-2001
0.2Contact with sharp object, 1998-2000
0.2Motor vehicle crash, 2015-2017
0.2Motor vehicle crash, 2014-2016
0.2Motor vehicle crash, 2013-2015
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 2012-2014
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 2011-2013
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 2010-2012
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 2009-2011
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 2008-2010
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 2007-2009
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 2006-2008
0Motor vehicle crash, 2005-2007
0Motor vehicle crash, 2004-2006
0Motor vehicle crash, 2003-2005
0Motor vehicle crash, 2002-2004
0Motor vehicle crash, 2001-2003
0Motor vehicle crash, 2000-2002
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 1999-2001
0.1Motor vehicle crash, 1998-2000
0.1Jump from height, 2015-2017
0.8Jump from height, 2014-2016
0.8Jump from height, 2013-2015
0.8Jump from height, 2012-2014
0.8Jump from height, 2011-2013
0.7Jump from height, 2010-2012
0.8Jump from height, 2009-2011
0.8Jump from height, 2008-2010
0.8Jump from height, 2007-2009
0.6Jump from height, 2006-2008
0.6Jump from height, 2005-2007
0.6Jump from height, 2004-2006
0.6Jump from height, 2003-2005
0.5Jump from height, 2002-2004
0.6Jump from height, 2001-2003
0.7Jump from height, 2000-2002
0.7Jump from height, 1999-2001
0.7Jump from height, 1998-2000
0.7Jump in front moving object, 2015-2017
0.4Jump in front moving object, 2014-2016
0.4Jump in front moving object, 2013-2015
0.4Jump in front moving object, 2012-2014
0.4Jump in front moving object, 2011-2013
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2010-2012
0.4Jump in front moving object, 2009-2011
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2008-2010
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2007-2009
0.2Jump in front moving object, 2006-2008
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2005-2007
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2004-2006
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2003-2005
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2002-2004
0.3Jump in front moving object, 2001-2003
0.4Jump in front moving object, 2000-2002
0.4Jump in front moving object, 1999-2001
0.4Jump in front moving object, 1998-2000
0.4Other, 2015-2017
0.2Other, 2014-2016
0.2Other, 2013-2015
0.2Other, 2012-2014
0.2Other, 2011-2013
0.2Other, 2010-2012
0.2Other, 2009-2011
0.2Other, 2008-2010
0.2Other, 2007-2009
0.3Other, 2006-2008
0.3Other, 2005-2007
0.4Other, 2004-2006
0.3Other, 2003-2005
0.3Other, 2002-2004
0.2Other, 2001-2003
0.3Other, 2000-2002
0.4Other, 1999-2001
0.4Other, 1998-2000
  • + Source

    Mortality estimates for years up to 2005 are based on Australian Bureau of Statistics death registration data. Data from 2006 onwards were provided by the Australian Coordinating Registry, Cause of Death Unit Record File; the data for the most 2 recent years are preliminary (SAPHaRI, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health)

  • + Notes

    Comprises any intentional self-harm with fatal result.

    'Other' category includes suicide involving rare methods including explosives, smoke, fire, flame, steam, hot vapours, hot objects, blunt objects and unspecified methods.

    Only NSW residents are included. Deaths were classified using ICD-10. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Counts of deaths for the latest year of data include an estimate of the number of deaths occurring in that year but registered in the next year.

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate.

  • + Data Table
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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes for Suicide by method used

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; CM - Clinical Modification; AM - Australian Modification


      DescriptionICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Total Suicide / Self harm X60-X84, Y87.0

      This indicator uses underlying cause of death only.

      All records are included for NSW residents only.

      Poisoning X60-X69
      Hanging X70
      Drowning/submersion X71
      Firearms X72-X74
       Contact with sharp object  X78
      Motor vehicle crash X82
      Jump from height X80
      Jump in front of moving object X81
      Other X75, X76, X77, X79, X83, X84, Y87.0


      Suicide comprises any self-harm with fatal result in this report and it refers to death records labelled: Suicide and self-inflicted injury in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Intentional self-harm in the ICD-10 (WHO 1992).

      Intentional self harm includes suicide (attempted) and purposely self-inflicted poisoning or injury (WHO 1992).

      World Health Organization. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision (ICD-10). Geneva: WHO, 1992.

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Mental health

      Latest available information

      Latest available data for adults in NSW

      • 17.7% of adults aged 16 years and over (15.7% of men and 19.5% of women) experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress, as estimated from the 2019 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing or CATI). 

      • 12.8% of adults aged 18 years and over (11.8% of males and 13.8% of females) in NSW experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress, as estimated from the 2017-18 Australian Health Survey (interviewer-administered questionnaire).

      • Overall suicide rates dropped in NSW between 1997 and 2007 but have increased since this time. In 2017, 868 people died by suicide and males accounted for around 77.6% of these deaths.

      • In 2018-19, there were 7,018 hospitalisations of NSW residents for intentional self-harm. Females accounted for 62% of these hospitalisations.

      • In 2017, 14.0% of secondary school students reported high levels of psychological distress in the previous six months (9.7% of males and 18.2% of females). The proportion of students reporting high levels of psychological distress has remained stable over the last 3 years (2014 to 2017).

      • Generally, a lower proportion of elderly adults have high levels of psychological distress than the overall adult population in NSW.

      • The least socioeconomically disadvantaged adults had lower levels of psychological distress than the overall adult population in NSW.

      • The proportion of adults reporting high and very high levels of psychological distress has remained fairly stable over the last decade.

    • Introduction: Mental health


      Mental health disorders relate to behaviours and conditions which interfere with social functioning and capacity to negotiate daily life. Mental problems are also associated with higher rates of health risk factors, poorer physical health, and higher rates of deaths from many causes including suicide.

      The classification of mental and behavioural disorders is difficult and warrants close attention to the types of disorders and syndromes which are included and excluded when comparing results from different sources. Further discussion of this issue is contained in the Methods tab.

      Burden of disease of mental conditions in Australia

      Mental ill health is one of the leading causes of non-fatal burden of disease and injury in Australia. Mental ill health was estimated to account for 12% of the disease burden in Australia in 2015, with anxiety and depression, alcohol abuse and personality disorders accounting for almost three-quarters of this burden. Only 2.5% of the burden from mental disorders is due to mortality, most of which is accounted for by fatal outcomes associated with substance abuse (AIHW 2019).


      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019. Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 19. BOD 22. Canberra: AIHW. Available at:

    • Interventions: Mental health

      NSW has a range of mental health programs covering early intervention, prevention and promotion initiatives in place across the age spectrum. See

    • For more information: Mental health

      Useful websites

      NSW Health at

      Beyondblue at

      Black Dog Institute at

      WayAhead: Mental Health Association NSW at

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 11 August 2020