HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Respiratory disease deaths by disease type

Sydney, 2015-2017
42.6Sydney, 2014-2016
41.2Sydney, 2013-2015
41.5Sydney, 2012-2014
46.9Sydney, 2011-2013
50Sydney, 2010-2012
52.8Sydney, 2009-2011
49.9Sydney, 2008-2010
47.2Sydney, 2007-2009
47.8Sydney, 2006-2008
50.8Sydney, 2005-2007
53.9Sydney, 2004-2006
57.7Sydney, 2003-2005
57.9Sydney, 2002-2004
59.1Sydney, 2001-2003
55.2South Western Sydney, 2015-2017
51.5South Western Sydney, 2014-2016
49.3South Western Sydney, 2013-2015
48.2South Western Sydney, 2012-2014
49.9South Western Sydney, 2011-2013
51.4South Western Sydney, 2010-2012
52South Western Sydney, 2009-2011
51.8South Western Sydney, 2008-2010
52.3South Western Sydney, 2007-2009
55.5South Western Sydney, 2006-2008
57.1South Western Sydney, 2005-2007
56.3South Western Sydney, 2004-2006
57.4South Western Sydney, 2003-2005
57.7South Western Sydney, 2002-2004
60.1South Western Sydney, 2001-2003
58South Eastern Sydney, 2015-2017
38South Eastern Sydney, 2014-2016
36.8South Eastern Sydney, 2013-2015
37.5South Eastern Sydney, 2012-2014
40South Eastern Sydney, 2011-2013
39.8South Eastern Sydney, 2010-2012
42.6South Eastern Sydney, 2009-2011
41.3South Eastern Sydney, 2008-2010
44.8South Eastern Sydney, 2007-2009
44.3South Eastern Sydney, 2006-2008
44.2South Eastern Sydney, 2005-2007
41.4South Eastern Sydney, 2004-2006
43.1South Eastern Sydney, 2003-2005
47.6South Eastern Sydney, 2002-2004
51.6South Eastern Sydney, 2001-2003
51.3Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2015-2017
52.8Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2014-2016
52.2Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2013-2015
50.7Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2012-2014
52.3Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2011-2013
50.8Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2010-2012
49.7Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2009-2011
46.5Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2008-2010
45.5Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2007-2009
45.3Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2006-2008
48.6Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2005-2007
50.1Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2004-2006
53.7Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2003-2005
56.3Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2002-2004
57Illawarra Shoalhaven, 2001-2003
55.5Western Sydney, 2015-2017
48.7Western Sydney, 2014-2016
49Western Sydney, 2013-2015
47.8Western Sydney, 2012-2014
50.8Western Sydney, 2011-2013
51.8Western Sydney, 2010-2012
54Western Sydney, 2009-2011
52.1Western Sydney, 2008-2010
49.5Western Sydney, 2007-2009
49.5Western Sydney, 2006-2008
50.3Western Sydney, 2005-2007
53.4Western Sydney, 2004-2006
58.2Western Sydney, 2003-2005
61.7Western Sydney, 2002-2004
64.9Western Sydney, 2001-2003
58.9Nepean Blue Mountains, 2015-2017
67.4Nepean Blue Mountains, 2014-2016
63.4Nepean Blue Mountains, 2013-2015
59.4Nepean Blue Mountains, 2012-2014
56.2Nepean Blue Mountains, 2011-2013
59.2Nepean Blue Mountains, 2010-2012
58Nepean Blue Mountains, 2009-2011
56.3Nepean Blue Mountains, 2008-2010
53.1Nepean Blue Mountains, 2007-2009
55Nepean Blue Mountains, 2006-2008
57.6Nepean Blue Mountains, 2005-2007
62Nepean Blue Mountains, 2004-2006
66.2Nepean Blue Mountains, 2003-2005
68.5Nepean Blue Mountains, 2002-2004
66Nepean Blue Mountains, 2001-2003
61.2Northern Sydney, 2015-2017
36.3Northern Sydney, 2014-2016
34.2Northern Sydney, 2013-2015
31.7Northern Sydney, 2012-2014
33.9Northern Sydney, 2011-2013
35.8Northern Sydney, 2010-2012
38.9Northern Sydney, 2009-2011
36.5Northern Sydney, 2008-2010
36Northern Sydney, 2007-2009
35.6Northern Sydney, 2006-2008
37.6Northern Sydney, 2005-2007
39.4Northern Sydney, 2004-2006
43.7Northern Sydney, 2003-2005
47.7Northern Sydney, 2002-2004
49.3Northern Sydney, 2001-2003
47.6Central Coast, 2015-2017
61.2Central Coast, 2014-2016
59Central Coast, 2013-2015
57.9Central Coast, 2012-2014
58.6Central Coast, 2011-2013
55.4Central Coast, 2010-2012
56.8Central Coast, 2009-2011
56.5Central Coast, 2008-2010
58.4Central Coast, 2007-2009
60.7Central Coast, 2006-2008
59.6Central Coast, 2005-2007
60Central Coast, 2004-2006
60.8Central Coast, 2003-2005
63.4Central Coast, 2002-2004
67.8Central Coast, 2001-2003
70.1Hunter New England, 2015-2017
54.5Hunter New England, 2014-2016
51.8Hunter New England, 2013-2015
51.4Hunter New England, 2012-2014
52.7Hunter New England, 2011-2013
50.5Hunter New England, 2010-2012
50.1Hunter New England, 2009-2011
47.8Hunter New England, 2008-2010
48.8Hunter New England, 2007-2009
48.7Hunter New England, 2006-2008
51.1Hunter New England, 2005-2007
51.9Hunter New England, 2004-2006
55.1Hunter New England, 2003-2005
55.8Hunter New England, 2002-2004
59.1Hunter New England, 2001-2003
58.7Northern NSW, 2015-2017
48.7Northern NSW, 2014-2016
48Northern NSW, 2013-2015
45.1Northern NSW, 2012-2014
46.3Northern NSW, 2011-2013
46.7Northern NSW, 2010-2012
45.5Northern NSW, 2009-2011
43.2Northern NSW, 2008-2010
40.6Northern NSW, 2007-2009
44.1Northern NSW, 2006-2008
46.4Northern NSW, 2005-2007
48.1Northern NSW, 2004-2006
48.7Northern NSW, 2003-2005
52.1Northern NSW, 2002-2004
53.7Northern NSW, 2001-2003
52.8Mid North Coast, 2015-2017
51.4Mid North Coast, 2014-2016
51.1Mid North Coast, 2013-2015
53.7Mid North Coast, 2012-2014
55.9Mid North Coast, 2011-2013
55.3Mid North Coast, 2010-2012
53.7Mid North Coast, 2009-2011
51.3Mid North Coast, 2008-2010
47.1Mid North Coast, 2007-2009
49.7Mid North Coast, 2006-2008
52.2Mid North Coast, 2005-2007
58.7Mid North Coast, 2004-2006
56.4Mid North Coast, 2003-2005
57.5Mid North Coast, 2002-2004
52.5Mid North Coast, 2001-2003
57.4Southern NSW, 2015-2017
58.8Southern NSW, 2014-2016
56.2Southern NSW, 2013-2015
54.1Southern NSW, 2012-2014
54.3Southern NSW, 2011-2013
50.7Southern NSW, 2010-2012
51.5Southern NSW, 2009-2011
48.7Southern NSW, 2008-2010
50.8Southern NSW, 2007-2009
52.7Southern NSW, 2006-2008
52.3Southern NSW, 2005-2007
51.1Southern NSW, 2004-2006
52.9Southern NSW, 2003-2005
57.4Southern NSW, 2002-2004
58.4Southern NSW, 2001-2003
56.9Murrumbidgee, 2015-2017
61.6Murrumbidgee, 2014-2016
58.4Murrumbidgee, 2013-2015
53.6Murrumbidgee, 2012-2014
50.1Murrumbidgee, 2011-2013
50.6Murrumbidgee, 2010-2012
55.4Murrumbidgee, 2009-2011
52.8Murrumbidgee, 2008-2010
52.3Murrumbidgee, 2007-2009
52.2Murrumbidgee, 2006-2008
54.8Murrumbidgee, 2005-2007
58Murrumbidgee, 2004-2006
59.3Murrumbidgee, 2003-2005
67.1Murrumbidgee, 2002-2004
70.9Murrumbidgee, 2001-2003
67.3Western NSW, 2015-2017
74.1Western NSW, 2014-2016
66.5Western NSW, 2013-2015
58Western NSW, 2012-2014
58.4Western NSW, 2011-2013
58.2Western NSW, 2010-2012
61.9Western NSW, 2009-2011
62.7Western NSW, 2008-2010
61.9Western NSW, 2007-2009
60Western NSW, 2006-2008
57.7Western NSW, 2005-2007
56.8Western NSW, 2004-2006
60.4Western NSW, 2003-2005
63.2Western NSW, 2002-2004
67.4Western NSW, 2001-2003
66.7All LHDs, 2015-2017
50.1All LHDs, 2014-2016
48.1All LHDs, 2013-2015
46.8All LHDs, 2012-2014
48.4All LHDs, 2011-2013
48.6All LHDs, 2010-2012
49.9All LHDs, 2009-2011
48.1All LHDs, 2008-2010
48All LHDs, 2007-2009
48.6All LHDs, 2006-2008
50All LHDs, 2005-2007
51All LHDs, 2004-2006
53.4All LHDs, 2003-2005
56.2All LHDs, 2002-2004
58.5All LHDs, 2001-2003
  • + Source

    Mortality estimates for years up to 2005 are based on Australian Bureau of Statistics death registration data. Data from 2006 onwards were provided by the Australian Coordinating Registry, Cause of Death Unit Record File; the data for the most 2 recent years are preliminary (SAPHaRI, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health)

  • + Notes

    COPD means Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Remaining respiratory diseases* includes all other diseases of the respiratory system not listed individually (see codes tab for further details). 

    Only NSW residents are included. Deaths were classified using ICD-10. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Counts of deaths for the latest year of data include an estimate of the number of deaths occurring in that year but registered in the next year.

    Remote* includes very remote.

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate.

  • + Data Table
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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Selected respiratory diseases

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; AM - Australian Modification
      DescriptionICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Respiratory diseases: Total J00-J99

      This indicator uses underlying cause of death only.

      All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.

      Influenza and pneumonia J09-J18
      Asthma J45, J46
      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease J40-J44
      Other respiratory diseases principally affecting the interstitium J80-J84
      Remaining respiratory diseases J30-J39, J60-J70, J85-J86, J90-J99

      Where numbers do not allow reporting of specific diseases, remaining respiratory diseases* also includes Asthma. 

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Respiratory disease

      • In 2019 in NSW, 11.5% of adults aged 16 years and over (8.4% of men and 14.4% of women) had asthma currently, as estimated from the 2019 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview or CATI). In 2018-2019, 14.8% of boys and 10.8% of girls aged 2-15 years were reported to currently have asthma, with 24.1% of boys and 16.8% of girls reported as ever having asthma, as estimated from the NSW Population Health Survey (self-reported using a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview or CATI). Asthma was responsible for 152 deaths in 2018 and 11,290 hospitalisations in 2018-19.

      • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, was responsible for 2,389 deaths in 2018 in NSW (91% or 2,166 in those aged 65 years and over) and more than 22,378 hospitalisations in 2018-19. 

      • Asbestosis is a chronic lung dust disease that is associated with occupational exposure to asbestos. Total hospitalisations due to asbestos in NSW have steadily decreased in recent years. 

    • Introduction: Respiratory disease

      Respiratory diseases

      Respiratory diseases include acute diseases such as influenza and pneumonia, and chronic respiratory diseases (specifically asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asbestosis, and respiratory tuberculosis), where preventive measures and better management of conditions can reduce the burden of disease and reduce associated healthcare costs.

      Chronic respiratory diseases were responsible for 7.5% of the total burden of disease and injury in Australia in 2015, with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma accounting for 51.4% and 33.8% of this burden, respectively (AIHW 2019).

      Influenza and pneumonia

      Influenza and pneumonia are acute respiratory diseases that can be very severe and, in persons at high risk, can lead to death. Influenza and pneumonia cause around 2.5% of all deaths and around 0.9% of hospital separations and are an important cause of hospitalisations in the very young, and of death and hospitalisations among older age groups.


      Asthma is a significant public health problem in Australia and it is estimated that Australian prevalence rates are among the highest in the world. Fortunately, recent studies in children show no further increase in prevalence. In Australia in 2015, asthma was estimated to account for 2.5% of the disease burden (AIHW 2019).

      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

      Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main conditions comprising chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In Australia in 2015, COPD was estimated to account for 3.9% of the disease burden (AIHW 2019).


      Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacterial organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Despite the increasing burden from respiratory tuberculosis globally, it is not a major public health problem in NSW. In fact the mortality and morbidity from all types of tuberculosis in NSW is one of the lowest in the world.

      Lung cancer

      Lung cancer is usually excluded from analyses of respiratory diseases as it is classified with cancers in the International Classification of Diseases (the coding system used for health data in NSW). It has been included with respiratory diseases here to provide a more appropriate measure of the burden of respiratory disease from a clinical and health services planning perspective.

      Risk factors

      Cigarette smoking is the main risk factor for both COPD and lung cancer and the current incidence rates of these conditions reflect smoking rates 20 years and more in the past. Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death in Australia.


      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019. Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 19. BOD 22. Canberra: AIHW. Available at:

    • Interventions: Respiratory diseases


      Written asthma management plans are recommended as part of the national guidelines for the management of asthma: Australian Asthma Handbook (NACA 2015). They enable people with asthma to recognise a deterioration in their condition and initiate appropriate treatment, thereby reducing the severity of acute episodes.

      The Australian Asthma Handbook promotes preventive care activities, proper inhaler technique and adherence and stepped medical management where the use of medicines can be increased or decreased depending on circumstances and the therapy combinations.


      Australia is fortunate in having one of the lowest rates of TB in the world. This has been primarily achieved as a result of a continued commitment to provide specialised health services dedicated to the prevention and control of TB in each of the states and territories. The National TB Advisory Committee’s Strategic Plan for the Control of Tuberculosis, 2011-2015 sets out the goals and objectives of TB control in Australia.

      Despite Australia’s success in reducing TB, there is no room for complacency. Global connectivity through air travel and migration means that TB will remain a public health concern in Australia until worldwide control of TB is achieved. The NSW TB Program is the provider of specialised services for the prevention and control of TB in NSW and plays a vital role in maintaining Australia’s success in reducing the burden of TB.

      Influenza and pneumonia

      Influenza and pneumococcal disease are covered by the National Immunisation Programs in NSW.

      Influenza has been a notifiable disease by all laboratories under the Public Health Act in NSW since 2001. Surveillance is enhanced in winter months when the NSW Ministry of Health collects and reports weekly on influenza-like illness presentations to Emergency Departments, through the Public Health Rapid, Emergency, Disease and Syndromic Surveillance System (PHREDSS), and laboratory-confirmed diagnoses of influenza virus infections.

      Emergency Departments in NSW are prepared for influenza epidemics with peak visit plans and similar measures in winter months.


      National Asthma Council Australia. Australian Asthma Handbook. NACA, 2015. Available at:

    • For more information: Respiratory diseases

      Useful websites

      Australian Centre for Airways disease Monitoring (ACAM) at

      National Asthma Council Australia at

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      healthdirect at

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 14 July 2020