HealthStats NSW

Respiratory diseases hospitalisations

Females, All LHDs
1608.1 (1595.7, 1620.5)Females, Far West
1741.7 (1540, 1961.2)Females, Western NSW
2164.6 (2090.4, 2240.8)Females, Murrumbidgee
2595.8 (2507.3, 2686.5)Females, Southern NSW
1594.6 (1518, 1673.8)Females, Mid North Coast
1695.5 (1618.8, 1774.7)Females, Northern NSW
1725.8 (1659.7, 1793.7)Females, Hunter New England
1496.1 (1461.8, 1531)Females, Central Coast
1807.1 (1745, 1870.8)Females, Northern Sydney
1397.5 (1364, 1431.7)Females, Nepean Blue Mountains
1749.5 (1690.4, 1810.1)Females, Western Sydney
1672.8 (1635.8, 1710.4)Females, Illawarra Shoalhaven
1525.9 (1473.6, 1579.4)Females, South Eastern Sydney
1354.5 (1320.7, 1389)Females, South Western Sydney
1732 (1695.5, 1769.1)Females, Sydney
1285.2 (1245, 1326.3)Males, All LHDs
1875.8 (1862.3, 1889.4)Males, Far West
2303 (2080.2, 2542.5)Males, Western NSW
2327.5 (2251.2, 2405.6)Males, Murrumbidgee
2798.3 (2708.2, 2890.5)Males, Southern NSW
1842.4 (1762, 1925.4)Males, Mid North Coast
1948.6 (1867.8, 2031.8)Males, Northern NSW
1958.6 (1888.7, 2030.3)Males, Hunter New England
1704.7 (1668.2, 1741.7)Males, Central Coast
1959.1 (1894.2, 2025.5)Males, Northern Sydney
1700.6 (1662.8, 1739)Males, Nepean Blue Mountains
1977.2 (1912.3, 2043.7)Males, Western Sydney
1918 (1877.3, 1959.4)Males, Illawarra Shoalhaven
1718.2 (1662.7, 1775)Males, South Eastern Sydney
1551 (1514.2, 1588.4)Males, South Western Sydney
2023 (1982.4, 2064.1)Males, Sydney
1728.8 (1681.2, 1777.4)
  • + Source

    NSW Admitted Patient Data Collection and ABS population estimates (SAPHaRI). Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    COPD= chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    Only NSW residents are included. Rehabilitation episodes are excluded. Figures are based on where a person resides, rather than where they are treated. Hospital separations were classified using ICD-10-AM. Rates were age-adjusted using the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Numbers for the last year include an estimate of the small number of hospitalisations of NSW residents in interstate public hospitals, data for which were unavailable at the time of production. Further details can be found in the Methods tab  in the following HealthStats NSW indicator: http://www.healthstats.nsw.gov.au/Indicator/bod_hos_cat

    LL/UL 95%CI = lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the point estimate. Data for some LHDs may not be included individually due to low numbers. All LHDs include Albury Local Government Area and those LHDs where numbers are low and records where the LHD was missing or not stated.

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  • + Methods
  • + Codes
    • Codes: Selected respiratory diseases

      The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

      National Centre for Classification in Health, Australia; AM - Australian Modification
      DescriptionICD-10 & ICD-10-AMComments
      Respiratory diseases: Total J00-J99 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Influenza and pneumonia J09-J18 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.

      All other acute upper (J00-J06) and lower (J20-J22) respiratory infections

      J00-J06 or J20-J22 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Asthma J45, J46 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease J40-J44 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Pneumonitis due to food and vomit J69.0 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Other respiratory diseases principally affecting the interstitium. J80-J84 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Bronchiectasis J47 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Remaining respiratory diseases J30-J39, J60-J70, J85-J86, J90-J99 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.
      Cancer: lung. This type is not included in the Total of respiratory diseases. C33-C34 All records are included, NSW residents only, all ages.

      Where numbers do not allow reporting of specific diseases, remaining respiratory diseases* also include Other acute respiratory infections, Pneumonitis due to food and vomit, Bronchiectasis and Pneumoconioses

  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Respiratory disease

      • In 2016 in NSW, 11.3% of adults aged 16 years and over (9.2% of men and 13.3% of women) had asthma currently, as estimated from the 2016 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview or CATI). In 2015-2016, 13.8% of boys and 10.4% of girls aged 2-15 years were reported to currently have asthma, with 19.3% of boys and 14.4% of girls were reported as ever having asthma as estimated from the NSW Population Health Survey (self-reported using a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview or CATI). Asthma was responsible for 147 deaths in 2015 and 12,742 hospitalisations in 2014-15.

      • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, was responsible for 2,389 deaths in 2015 in NSW (91% or 2,180 in those aged 65 years and over) and more than 22,000 hospitalisations in 2015-16. 

      • Asbestosis is a chronic lung disease that is associated with occupational exposure to asbestos. Total hospitalisations due to asbestos in NSW have remained stable in recent years. 

    • Introduction: Respiratory disease

      Respiratory diseases

      Respiratory diseases include acute diseases such as influenza and pneumonia, and chronic respiratory diseases (specifically asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asbestosis, and respiratory tuberculosis), where preventive measures and better management of conditions can reduce the burden of disease and reduce associated healthcare costs.

      Chronic respiratory diseases were responsible for 8.3% of the total burden of disease and injury in Australia in 2011, with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma accounting for 43% and 29% of this burden, respectively (AIHW 2016).

      Influenza and pneumonia

      Influenza and pneumonia are acute respiratory diseases that can be very severe and, in persons at high risk, can lead to death. Influenza and pneumonia cause around 1.8% of all deaths and around 0.9% of hospital separations and are an important cause of hospitalisations in the very young, and of death and hospitalisations among older age groups.

      Asthma

      Asthma is a significant public health problem in Australia and it is estimated that Australian prevalence rates are among the highest in the world. Fortunately, recent studies in children show no further increase in prevalence. In Australia in 2011, asthma was estimated to account for 2.4% of the disease burden (AIHW 2016).

      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

      Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main conditions comprising chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In Australia in 2011, COPD was estimated to account for 3.6% of the disease burden (AIHW 2016).

      Tuberculosis

      Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacterial organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Despite the increasing burden from respiratory tuberculosis globally, it is not a major public health problem in NSW. In fact the mortality and morbidity from all types of tuberculosis in NSW is one of the lowest in the world.

      Lung cancer

      Lung cancer is usually excluded from analyses of respiratory diseases as it is classified with cancers in the International Classification of Diseases (the coding system used for health data in NSW). It has been included with respiratory diseases here to provide a more appropriate measure of the burden of respiratory disease from a clinical and health services planning perspective.

      Risk factors

      Cigarette smoking is the main risk factor for both COPD and lung cancer and the current incidence rates of these conditions reflect smoking rates 20 years and more in the past. Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death in Australia.

      References

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2016. Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 3. BOD 4. Canberra: AIHW. Available at: http://www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=60129555176

    • Interventions: Respiratory diseases

      Asthma

      Written asthma management plans are recommended as part of the national guidelines for the management of asthma: Australian Asthma Handbook (NACA 2015). They enable people with asthma to recognise a deterioration in their condition and initiate appropriate treatment, thereby reducing the severity of acute episodes.

      The Australian Asthma Handbook promotes preventive care activities, proper inhaler technique and adherence and stepped medical management where the use of medicines can be increased or decreased depending on circumstances and the therapy combinations.

      Tuberculosis

      The NSW Tuberculosis Program is successful as the incidence of tuberculosis in NSW has remained stable over the last decade despite large-scale migration from high-prevalence countries and the treatment success rates have been high, with the absence of treatment failures and low rates of relapse of cases initially treated in Australia.

      The main challenges to the NSW Tuberculosis Program are similar to those that face tuberculosis control globally. They include control of multi-drug resistant and extreme drug-resistant tuberculosis and identification and management of tuberculosis-HIV coinfection (O'Connor et al. 2009).

      Influenza and pneumonia

      Influenza and pneumococcal disease are covered by the National Immunisation Programs in NSW.

      Influenza has been a notifiable disease by all laboratories under the Public Health Act in NSW since 2001. Surveillance is enhanced in winter months when the NSW Ministry of Health collects and reports weekly on influenza-like illness presentations to Emergency Departments, through the Public Health Rapid, Emergency, Disease and Syndromic Surveillance System (PHREDSS), and laboratory-confirmed diagnoses of influenza virus infections.

      Emergency Departments in NSW are prepared for influenza epidemics with peak visit plans and similar measures in winter months.

      References

      National Asthma Council Australia. Australian Asthma Handbook. NACA, 2015. Available at: https://www.nationalasthma.org.au/health-professionals/australian-asthma-handbook

      O'Connor B, Fritsche L, Christensen A, McAnulty J. EpiReview: Tuberculosis in New South Wales, 2003-2007. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 2009. Available at: www.publish.csiro.au/index.cfm?act=view_file&file_id=NB09001.pdf

    • For more information: Respiratory diseases

      Useful websites

      Australian Centre for Airways disease Monitoring (ACAM) at http://www.asthmamonitoring.org

      National Asthma Council Australia at http://www.nationalasthma.org.au

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au

      healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au

Last Updated At: Wednesday, 5 July 2017