HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW

Student retention rate to year 12

  • NSW, trend
NSW Government schools, 2018
74.4NSW Government schools, 2017
75.6NSW Government schools, 2016
74.3NSW Government schools, 2015
74.1NSW Government schools, 2014
74NSW Government schools, 2013
72.7NSW Government schools, 2012
70.5NSW Government schools, 2011
70.5NSW Government schools, 2010
68.4NSW Government schools, 2009
66.3NSW Government schools, 2008
64.6NSW Government schools, 2007
64.5NSW Government schools, 2006
65.1NSW Government schools, 2005
65.8NSW Government schools, 2004
65.8NSW Government schools, 2003
65NSW Government schools, 2002
63.8NSW Government schools, 2001
62NSW Government schools, 2000
61NSW Government schools, 1999
61.2NSW Government schools, 1998
61.1NSW Government schools, 1997
61.4NSW Government schools, 1996
62.3NSW Government schools, 1995
64.5NSW Government schools, 1994
66.2NSW Government schools, 1993
66.5NSW Government schools, 1992
64.4NSW Government schools, 1991
56.3NSW Government schools, 1990
51.4NSW Government schools, 1989
49.1NSW Government schools, 1988
45.9NSW Government schools, 1987
41.5NSW Government schools, 1986
39.1NSW Government schools, 1985
36.2NSW Government schools, 1984
36.1NSW Government schools, 1983
32NSW Government schools, 1982
28.3NSW Government schools, 1981
28.1NSW Government schools, 1980
28.4Non-government schools, 2018
82.4Non-government schools, 2017
83.5Non-government schools, 2016
84.4Non-government schools, 2015
84.6Non-government schools, 2014
84.4Non-government schools, 2013
83Non-government schools, 2012
82.3Non-government schools, 2011
81.5Non-government schools, 2010
79.4Non-government schools, 2009
79.5Non-government schools, 2008
78.2Non-government schools, 2007
78.6Non-government schools, 2006
79.8Non-government schools, 2005
80.6Non-government schools, 2004
81Non-government schools, 2003
81.1Non-government schools, 2002
82.4Non-government schools, 2001
81.5Non-government schools, 2000
81.6Non-government schools, 1999
82.1Non-government schools, 1998
81.1Non-government schools, 1997
80.2Non-government schools, 1996
79.7Non-government schools, 1995
79.4Non-government schools, 1994
80Non-government schools, 1993
80Non-government schools, 1992
78.4Non-government schools, 1991
74Non-government schools, 1990
71.3Non-government schools, 1989
69.3Non-government schools, 1988
66.9Non-government schools, 1987
63Non-government schools, 1986
60.1Non-government schools, 1985
58.5Non-government schools, 1984
58.5Non-government schools, 1983
55.5Non-government schools, 1982
52.2Non-government schools, 1981
50.1Non-government schools, 1980
48.6All NSW schools, 2018
77.8All NSW schools, 2017
78.9All NSW schools, 2016
78.4All NSW schools, 2015
78.2All NSW schools, 2014
78.1All NSW schools, 2013
76.7All NSW schools, 2012
75All NSW schools, 2011
74.6All NSW schools, 2010
72.5All NSW schools, 2009
71.3All NSW schools, 2008
69.6All NSW schools, 2007
69.7All NSW schools, 2006
70.5All NSW schools, 2005
71.1All NSW schools, 2004
71.1All NSW schools, 2003
70.5All NSW schools, 2002
69.9All NSW schools, 2001
68.2All NSW schools, 2000
67.5All NSW schools, 1999
67.6All NSW schools, 1998
67.2All NSW schools, 1997
67.2All NSW schools, 1996
67.7All NSW schools, 1995
69.1All NSW schools, 1994
70.4All NSW schools, 1993
70.6All NSW schools, 1992
68.5All NSW schools, 1991
61.4All NSW schools, 1990
56.8All NSW schools, 1989
54.4All NSW schools, 1988
51.3All NSW schools, 1987
47.1All NSW schools, 1986
44.4All NSW schools, 1985
41.7All NSW schools, 1984
41.5All NSW schools, 1983
37.5All NSW schools, 1982
33.7All NSW schools, 1981
32.9All NSW schools, 1980
  • + Source

    Australian Bureau of Statistics. Schools, Australia. Catalogue number 4221.0. Canberra: ABS, latest available year.  Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health.

  • + Notes

    The apparent school retention rate is the number of full-time students who are enrolled in Year 12 in a given year expressed as a percentage of their cohort group at the commencement of secondary schooling.

  • + Data Table
  • + Download
    • Add to My Report
    • Download the indicator content
    • Download the data
    • Download the associated information
    • Download the graph image
  • + Methods
  • + Codes
  • + Related Indicators
  • + Associated Information
    • Key points: Social determinants of health

      • Social factors such as income, socioeconomic status, employment status, educational attainment and crime rates are associated with inequalities in health.

      • In 2016, four of the five most socioeconomically disadvantaged local government areas of NSW were in remote or very remote parts of the state (Brewarrina, Central Darling, Walgett and Coonamble). Fairfield Local Government Area, also one of the five most disadvantaged areas, is in south-western Sydney. The five least disadvantaged local government areas were all in metropolitan Sydney: Ku-ring-ai, Mosman, Lane Cove, Woollahra and North Sydney.

      • The unemployment rate had remained relatively steady between 2000 and 2019. In 2020 there has been a sharp increase in unemployment rates due to the COVID-19 pandemic, community lock-downs and the associated impacts on employment. In the April-June 2020 quarter, the unemployment rate was 6.5% for males and 6.6% for females. While female participation in the labour force is still lower than that of males, it had been steadily increasing over time while male participation rates have been relatively stable. However, in April-June 2018 there has been a decline in participation rates.  The rate of female participation in the labour force was 57.7% while for males it was 68.2%.  

      • In NSW in 2016, 13.8% of the NSW population aged 15 years and over had gross weekly income of less than $150, while 8.8% had income of more than $2000. Males tended to have greater individual weekly income than females in NSW. Majority of persons aged 65 years and over (57.2%) reported earning between $150 and $649 per week.

      • The Northern Sydney Local Health District had the smallest proportion of persons with weekly income of less than $600 (37.6%) and the Far West had the greatest proportion (54.8%) in 2016. In the same year, the Northern Sydney Local Health District also had the greatest proportion of persons with gross weekly income of $2,000 and more (6.0%) while the Mid North Coast Local Health Districts had the lowest (3.0%).

    • Introduction: Social determinants of health


      Social determinants of health are the economic and social conditions under which people live, which determine their health. The conditions most frequently regarded as social determinants of health are:  individual and household income and income distribution in the society; employment and working conditions; education and literacy, including health literacy; housing; health and social services, including early childhood development support; and social cohesion.  These factors are resources that a society makes available to its members to enable them to stay healthy, and, in broader terms, to equip them with the physical, social, and personal resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment.

      The World Health Organisation defines the social determnants of health in the following way: 

      The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels. The social determinants of health are mostly responsible for health inequities - the unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen within and between countries.

      Burden of disease

      While Australia ranks among the most advanced nations in the world, the health burden in the Australian population attributable to relative socioeconomic disadvantage is large and much of this burden is potentially avoidable. Many indicators in HealthStats NSW show that socioeconomically disadvantaged groups experience more ill health, and are more likely to engage in behaviours or have a risk factor profile consistent with their poorer health status. These inequalities are important from both social justice and economic perspectives – they are ‘unfair’, preventable and have high direct and indirect impact on the health system.

    • Interventions: Social determinants of health

      The World Health Organisation has devleoped areas for action to reduce health inequities – in collaboration with civil society, United Nations and development organizations, academia, donors and the private sector – in five priority areas (as specified by the Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health): enhancing health policies and decision-making, widening participation in policy-making and implementation, improving health care and services, strengthening international cooperation, and monitoring impact and progress.


      World Health Organisation. Taking action to improve health equity.

    • For more information: Social determinants of health

      Useful websites

      Australian Bureau of Statistics at

      Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at

      Healthdirect at

      World Health Organization. Social determinants of health. Available at:

Last Updated At: Tuesday, 28 July 2020