- + Key points: Overview of deaths
• In 2017, there were 52,613 deaths of residents in NSW. The number of deaths has increased by around 9% in the 10 years since 2008. However, the death rate has decreased by around 15% over this period due to an increasing population.
• The age standardised death rate was 508.8 per 100,000 population in NSW in 2017.
• In 2017 the age-adjusted male death rate was around 48% higher than the female death rate (615.9 compared with 416.3 per 100,000 population respectively). This difference has declined from 51% over the last 10 years since 2008.
• In 2017, there were 277 infant deaths in NSW, which was 2.9 deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate in Australia was 3.3 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017.
- + Background: Overview of deaths
Death or mortality statistics are published at regular intervals in most countries and usually show numbers and rates of deaths by sex, age and other variables. A death rate is an estimate of the proportion of the population that dies during a specified period (Last 2001). In this report it is expressed as the number of deaths per 100,000 population (person-years).
The proportion of people in different age groups varies between geographic areas and over time and can therefore influence death rate comparisons within these dimensions. Age-adjustment (also known as age-standardisation) allows for the comparison of death rates across geographic areas and over time after removing the effects of the different age structures in these dimensions.
Refer to the Methods tab for more information.
Death rates internationally
Death rates from all causes are low in Australia and NSW by international standards. The World Health Organization classifies Australia into an ‘A stratum’, with very low child and adult mortality. Comparisons by country reveal that the probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1,000 population (WHO calculated adult mortality rate) spans from around 50 in selected developed countries to just under 500 in some African countries. Australia’s rate was 61 per 1,000 in 2016, which placed it 16th out of 183 reported countries (WHO 2018).
World Health Organization. World health statistics. Geneva: WHO. Available at: https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.686?lang=en
- + Interventions: Overview of deaths
Interventions aiming to reduce deaths rates in NSW are embedded in strategies dealing with specific health issues or specific disadvantaged populations.