HealthStats NSW

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Back to all topics Aboriginal health Alcohol Antenatal care Asthma Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Communicable diseases Coronary heart disease Country of birth Diabetes Drug misuse Environment Falls Health-related behaviours Immunisation Influenza Injury and poisoning Life expectancy Low birth weight Mental health Mothers and babies Nutrition Oral health Overview of deaths Overview of hospitalisations Overweight or obesity Physical activity Population Population health performance indicators Potentially avoidable deaths Potentially preventable hospitalisations Pregnancy and the newborn period Psychological distress Respiratory disease Rural and remote populations Sexually transmissible infections Smoking Social determinants Socioeconomic status Stroke Suicide Vaccine preventable diseases

Group

Alcohol attributable injury hospitalisations Burn injury hospitalisations Fall-related deaths Fall-related hip fractures Fall-related injury hospitalisations Injury and poisoning deaths Injury and poisoning deaths by leading cause Injury and poisoning hospitalisations Injury and poisoning hospitalisations by leading cause Injury hospitalisations by road user type Interpersonal-violence–related deaths Interpersonal-violence–related hospitalisations Motor vehicle crash deaths Motor vehicle crash hospitalisations Motor vehicle crash injury deaths by road user type Prevalence of falls in the elderly Unintentional drowning

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  • + Key points: Injury and poisoning

    • There were around 3,000 injury-related deaths in 2015 and 215,059 injury-related hospitalisations in 2016-17 in NSW.

    • Injury and poisoning is the leading cause of death among people aged 5 to 44 years.

    • Males have much higher rates of death and hospitalisation than females for all major injury causes, except for falls among older people.

    • Hospitalisation rates for injury and poisoning in Aboriginal people are almost twice that for non-Aboriginal people in NSW.

    • Rates of death and hospitalisation from injury and poisoning are higher in remote areas than in metropolitan areas.

  • + Background: Injury and poisoning

    Definition and classification systems

    Injury can be described by the single or multiple body regions which are affected by the injury, by the type of injury itself or by an agency which caused the injury.

    Examples of the injuries described by body regions are: injuries to the head, injuries to the hip and thigh or injuries involving multiple body regions.

    Types of injury are: superficial injury (such as abrasion, contusion, insect bite), open wound (animal bite, cut, laceration, puncture wound), fracture (closed or open, which refers to the surface of skin), dislocation, sprain or strain, injury to nerves and spinal cord, injury to blood vessels, injury to muscles, fascia and tendon, crushing injury, traumatic amputation, injury to internal organs.

    Examples of environmental events and circumstances causing injury, poisoning or other adverse events are: transport accidents, falls, exposure to electrical current, exposure to forces of nature, assaults, intentional self-harm, complications of medical and surgical care. This classification of injury and poisoning is the most important in prevention planning. These events are also known as 'external causes' of the injury.

    Injury and poisoning burden of disease in Australia

    Injury has a major, but often preventable, influence on Australia’s health. It affects Australians of all ages and is the greatest cause of death in the first half of life. It leaves many with serious disability or long-term conditions. Injury was estimated to account for 9.0% of the burden of disease in 2011.

    For each person who dies of injuries there are several thousand individuals who survive and are left with permanent disabilities. Hospitalisation data provide an indication of the incidence of the more severe injuries.

  • + Interventions: Injury and poisoning

    Injury prevention involves the collaboration of governments, the private sector and communities in order to create safer environments and cultures.

    Effective injury prevention strategies have been developed for a wide range of potential causes of injury. For example, balance and strength training is effective in reducing falls in older people, fencing around private swimming pools has reduced childhood drownings, and seat-belt and drinking-driving legislation together with measures relating to vehicle and road design have greatly increased road safety.