HealthStats NSW

Topic

Back to all topics Aboriginal health Alcohol Antenatal care Asthma Burden of disease Cardiovascular disease Communicable diseases Coronary heart disease Country of birth Diabetes Drug misuse Environment Falls Health-related behaviours Immunisation Influenza Injury and poisoning Life expectancy Low birth weight Mental health Mothers and babies Nutrition Oral health Overview of deaths Overview of hospitalisations Overweight or obesity Physical activity Population Population health performance indicators Potentially avoidable deaths Potentially preventable hospitalisations Pregnancy and the newborn period Psychological distress Respiratory disease Rural and remote populations Sexually transmissible infections Smoking Social determinants Socioeconomic status Stroke Suicide Vaccine preventable diseases

Group

Antenatal care by gestational age Babies in NSW Babies: Hepatitis B vaccination Baby condition at birth: Apgar score Baby condition at birth: Low Apgar score Baby condition at birth: Newborns with restricted growth Baby discharge status Birth complications: General anaesthesia for caesarean section Birth complications: Haemorrhage after birth Birth complications: Perineal tears Birth weight Duration of pregnancy at birth (gestational age) Fertility rates Folate use preceding and during first trimester of pregnancy Infant feeding at discharge by type of feeding Labour onset Low birth weight babies Maternal age Maternal medical conditions Mothers in NSW Neonatal resuscitation Number of previous pregnancies: Parity Onset and augmentation of labour Pain relief provided to women during labour or delivery Perinatal mortality Perineal status Place of birth Postnatal length of stay Preterm births Single and multiple births: Plurality Smoking in pregnancy Type of birth (vaginal, caesarean, forceps etc) Type of birth (vaginal, caesarean, forceps etc) in first time mothers Vaginal birth following caesarean section

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  • + Key points: Pregnancy and the newborn period

    Recent trends

    • Between 2009 and 2014, the numbers of births in NSW increased from 96,439 to 97,326, a rise of 0.9%.  

    • The proportion of mothers who were teenagers continued to fall, from 3.5% in 2009 to 2.7% in 2014.

    • The proportion of births to mothers over 35 years of age has remained stable since 2009.

    • The proportion of mothers who smoked during pregnancy fell from 12.0% in 2009 to 9.3% in 2014.

    • The proportion of babies with low birth weight remained stable over the period from 2009 to 2014 at around 6%.

    • The proportion of preterm births was 7.7% of all births in 2014, an increase of around 20% in the previous twenty years.

    • The perinatal mortality rate was 7.8 per 1,000 births in 2014. Over the period from 2008 to 2013 the perinatal mortality rate varied between 8.0 and 8.7 per 1,000 births.

    • In 2013, there were 372 infant deaths in NSW, which was 3.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate in Australia was 3.6 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2013.

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers and babies

    • In 2011, a change to the data collection resulted in a more specific question concerning commencement of antenatal care. This change has caused an apparent decrease in the proportion of mothers who commenced antenatal care at less than 14 weeks gestation. Among Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers, the proportion commencing antenatal care at less than 14 weeks gestation was 71.3% in 2010 compared with 61.2% in 2011. A similar effect has been observed in mothers of non-Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent with 79.6% commencing antenatal care at less than 14 weeks gestation in 2010 compared with 71.7% in 2011. In 2014, 54.4% of Aboriginal mothers and 59.9% of non-Aboriginal mothers commenced antenatal care before 14 weeks gestation.

    • The proportion of mothers smoking in pregnancy among Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers was 45.2% in 2014. From 2011, two questions about smoking in pregnancy are asked at data collection. These revised questions provide more opportunity for women to report their smoking history and are likely to produce a more reliable measure of smoking rates in pregnancy than the original question asked in the previous years.

    • The perinatal mortality rate among babies born to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers was 12.3 per 1,000 in 2014, higher than the rate of 7.6 per 1,000 for babies born to non-Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers.

  • + Background: Pregnancy and the newborn period

    Demography

    The health of Australian mothers and babies is generally good by world standards. Maternal deaths are rare, and perinatal mortality rates are low.

    The average woman in NSW can currently expect to give birth to 1.9 babies in her lifetime.

    NSW mothers are getting older with the mean maternal age at first birth around 29 years and at subsequent birth just over 30. The proportion of teenage mothers is declining.

    Burden of disease and social and economic disadvantage 

    Aboriginal mothers and babies, those from socioeconomically disadvantaged areas, and some overseas-born mothers and their babies continue to experience worse outcomes than other NSW mothers and babies.