HealthStats NSW

Topic

Back to all topics Aboriginal health Alcohol Antenatal care Asthma Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Communicable diseases Coronary heart disease Country of birth Diabetes Drug misuse Environment Falls Health-related behaviours Immunisation Influenza Injury and poisoning Life expectancy Low birth weight Mental health Mothers and babies Nutrition Oral health Overview of deaths Overview of hospitalisations Overweight or obesity Physical activity Population Population health performance indicators Potentially avoidable deaths Potentially preventable hospitalisations Pregnancy and the newborn period Psychological distress Respiratory disease Rural and remote populations Sexually transmissible infections Smoking Social determinants Socioeconomic status Stroke Suicide Vaccine preventable diseases

Group

Antenatal care by gestational age Babies in NSW Babies: Hepatitis B vaccination Baby condition at birth: Apgar score Baby condition at birth: Low Apgar score Baby condition at birth: Newborns with restricted growth Baby discharge status Birth complications: General anaesthesia for caesarean section Birth complications: Haemorrhage after birth Birth complications: Perineal tears Birth weight Duration of pregnancy at birth (gestational age) Fertility rates Folate use preceding and during first trimester of pregnancy Infant feeding at discharge by type of feeding Labour onset Low birth weight babies Maternal age Maternal medical conditions Mothers in NSW Neonatal resuscitation Number of previous pregnancies: Parity Onset and augmentation of labour Pain relief provided to women during labour or delivery Perinatal mortality Perineal status Place of birth Postnatal length of stay Preterm births Single and multiple births: Plurality Smoking in pregnancy Type of birth (vaginal, caesarean, forceps etc) Type of birth (vaginal, caesarean, forceps etc) in first time mothers Vaginal birth following caesarean section

View

  • + Key points: Pregnancy and the newborn period

    Recent trends

    In 2016 there were 98,727 births to 97,306 mothers in NSW, a decrease of 0.8% from 99,510 births in 2012.  The percentage of multiple (twin and triplet) pregnancies has remained fairly stable over recent years at about 1.4%.

    Between 2012 and 2016:   

    • The proportion of mothers who were teenagers continued to fall, from 3.2% in 2012 to 2.2% in 2016.

    • The proportion of births to mothers over 35 years of age has remained stable.

    • The proportion of mothers who smoked at all during pregnancy fell from 10.4% in 2012 to 8.3% in 2016.

    • The proportion of babies with low birth weight remained stable over the period, ranging from 6.1% to 6.6%.

    • The proportion of preterm births was 7.3% of all births in 2016, a decrease from 7.6% in 2012.

    • The perinatal mortality rate was 7.5 per 1,000 births in 2016, decreasing from 8.3 per 1,000 births in 2012. 

    • In 2016, there were 260 infant deaths in NSW, which was 2.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate in Australia was 3.1 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016.

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers and babies

    • Between 2012 and 2016, the number of reported births to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers increased from 3,399 to 4,174, representing 3.4% and 4.2% respectively of all babies born in NSW.

    •Between 2012 and 2016, the percentage of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers who were teenagers fell substantially from 18.6% in 2012 to 12.8% in 2016.

    •Between 2012 and 2016, the percentage of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers who commenced antenatal care before 14 weeks of pregnancy increased from 51.0% to 64.6%.  

    • The proportion of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers smoking in pregnancy was 41.3% in 2016 compared with 49.9% in 2012.

    • The perinatal mortality rate among babies born to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers was 12.2 per 1,000 in 2016, higher than the rate of 7.3 per 1,000 for babies born to non-Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers.

  • + Background: Pregnancy and the newborn period

    Demography

    The health of Australian mothers and babies is generally good by world standards. Maternal deaths are rare, and perinatal mortality rates are low.

    The average woman in NSW can currently expect to give birth to 1.9 babies in her lifetime.

    NSW mothers are getting older with the mean maternal age at first birth around 29 years and at subsequent birth just over 30. The proportion of teenage mothers is declining.

    Burden of disease and social and economic disadvantage 

    Aboriginal mothers and babies, those from socioeconomically disadvantaged areas, and some overseas-born mothers and their babies continue to experience worse outcomes than other NSW mothers and babies.