HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW
HealthStats NSW


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Antenatal care by gestational age Babies in NSW Babies: Hepatitis B vaccination Baby condition at birth: Apgar score Baby condition at birth: Low Apgar score Baby condition at birth: Newborns with restricted growth Baby discharge status Birth complications: General anaesthesia for caesarean section Birth complications: Haemorrhage after birth Birth complications: Perineal tears Birth weight Duration of pregnancy at birth (gestational age) Fertility rates Infant feeding at discharge by type of feeding Labour onset Low birth weight babies Maternal age Maternal medical conditions Maternal overweight and obesity Mothers in NSW Neonatal resuscitation Number of previous pregnancies: Parity Onset and augmentation of labour Pain relief provided to women during labour or delivery Perinatal mortality Perineal status Place of birth Postnatal length of stay Preterm births Single and multiple births: Plurality Smoking in pregnancy Type of birth (vaginal, caesarean, forceps etc) Type of birth (vaginal, caesarean, forceps etc) in first time mothers Vaginal birth following caesarean section


  • + Key points: Pregnancy and the newborn period

    Recent trends

    In 2018 there were 95,552 births to 94,170 mothers in NSW, a decrease of 1.8% from 97,325 births in 2014.  The percentage of multiple (twin and triplet) pregnancies has remained fairly stable over recent years at about 1.4%. 

    Between 2014 and 2018:

    • The proportion of mothers who were teenagers continued to fall, from 2.7% to 1.9%.

    • The proportion of births to mothers over 35 years of age has remained stable.

    • The rate of low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams) has remained stable, ranging from 6.3% to 6.8%.

    • The perinatal mortality rate was 8.1 per 1,000 births in 2018, increased from 7.8 per 1,000 births in 2014.

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers and babies

    Between 2014 and 2018:

    • The number of reported births to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers increased from 3,808 to 4,270, representing 3.9% and 4.5% respectively of all babies born in NSW.

    • The percentage of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers who were teenagers fell substantially from 15.8% to 11.5%.

    • The percentage of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers who commenced antenatal care before 14 weeks increased from 54.4% to 73.6%.

    • The perinatal mortality rate of 11.7 per 1,000 births in Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers in 2018 is higher than the rate of 7.9 per 1,000 births experienced among babies born to non-Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander mothers.

  • + Background: Pregnancy and the newborn period


    The health of Australian mothers and babies is generally good by world standards. Maternal deaths are rare, and perinatal mortality rates are low.

    The average woman in NSW can currently expect to give birth to 1.9 babies in her lifetime.

    NSW mothers are getting older with the mean maternal age at first birth around 29 years and at subsequent birth just over 30. The proportion of teenage mothers is declining.

    Burden of disease and social and economic disadvantage 

    Aboriginal mothers and babies, those from socioeconomically disadvantaged areas, and some overseas-born mothers and their babies continue to experience worse outcomes than other NSW mothers and babies.