- + Key points: Asthma
Latest available information
Latest available data for adults in NSW
• 11.5% of adults aged 16 years and over (8.4% of men and 14.4% of women) had asthma, as estimated from the 2019 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview or CATI).
• Asthma was responsible for 165 deaths in 2017 and around 11,290 hospitalisations in 2018-19.
Latest available data for children in NSW
• In 2018-2019, 20.6% of children aged 2-15 years (24.1% of boys and 16.8% of girls) ever had asthma, as estimated from the NSW Population Health Survey.
Latest available data for adult Aboriginal persons in NSW
• 14.2% of adult Aboriginal persons aged 16 years and over had asthma, as estimated from the 2018 NSW Adult Population Health Survey (self-reported using a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview or CATI).
Overall trends in NSW
Self-reported data on asthma have been collected for adults in NSW since 1997 through the NSW Population Health Survey and parent-reported data on asthma have been collected for children in NSW since 2001 through the NSW Population Health Survey.
Prevalence estimates, although differing slightly between surveys because of different sampling frames, participation rates and modes of collection (telephone versus face-to-face personal interview), have not changed over time.
Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence, NSW Ministry of Health. NSW Population Health Survey. Available at: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/epidemiology/Pages/nsw-population-health-survey.aspx
Australian Bureau of Statistics, National Health Survey: First Results (4364.0.55.001); NSW Table, 2017-2018. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4364.0.55.001
- + Background: Asthma
Asthma is a significant public health problem in Australia and it is estimated that Australian prevalence rates are among the highest in the world. Fortunately, recent studies in children show no further increase in prevalence. In Australia in 2015, asthma was estimated to account for 2.5% of the disease burden (AIHW 2019).
- + Interventions: Asthma
Written asthma management plans are recommended as part of the national guidelines for the management of asthma: Australian Asthma Handbook (NACA 2015). They enable people with asthma to recognise a deterioration in their condition and initiate appropriate treatment, thereby reducing the severity of acute episodes.
The Australian Asthma Handbook promotes preventive care activities, proper inhaler technique and adherence and stepped medical management where the use of medicines can be increased or decreased depending on circumstances and the therapy combinations.
National Asthma Council Australia. Australian Asthma Handbook. NACA, 2015. Available at: https://www.nationalasthma.org.au/health-professionals/australian-asthma-handbook
- + For more information: Asthma
Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring at http://www.asthmamonitoring.org
National Asthma Council Australia at http://www.nationalasthma.org.au
Australian Bureau of Statistics at http://www.abs.gov.au
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare at http://www.aihw.gov.au
healthdirect at http://www.healthdirect.gov.au